In departure for NIH, Cancer Moonshot requires grantees to make papers immediately free | Science | AAAS

“The long-standing debate over open access to research results has been marked by a geographic divide. In Europe, some public funders have launched a high-profile open-access initiative, dubbed Plan S, that would ultimately require grantees to publish only in journals that immediately make papers free to all. But in the United States, federal agencies have stuck to a decade-old policy that allows grantees to publish in journals that keep papers behind a paywall for up to 1 year. Now, the divide is starting to blur, with one prominent U.S. research program starting to require immediate open access to the peer-reviewed publications it funds.

The policy is part of the Cancer Moonshot program at the National Cancer Institute (NCI) in Bethesda, Maryland, the 7-year, $1.8 billion research initiative spearheaded in 2016 by then–Vice President Joe Biden after his son Beau died of brain cancer. Biden felt that broader data sharing would speed cancer research, and after hearing from open-access advocates he backed the concept for all cancer research papers. In a 2016 speech, Biden told the American Association for Cancer Research (AACR): “Imagine if… we said we will no longer conceal cancer’s secrets in… paywalled journals with restricted databases, and instead make all that we know open to everyone so that the world can join the global campaign to end cancer in our lifetimes?”

NCI officials embraced that idea, and drafted rules that require moonshot grantees to submit a plan for making their publications “immediately and broadly available to the public.”…

That is a big change from the current policy at the National Institutes of Health, NCI’s parent agency. NIH requires only that final papers be available through NIH’s full-text PubMedCentral site within 12 months of publication—a delay that publishers cherish, saying that it safeguards subscription revenues and keeps journals viable….

Singer says that, for now, NCI won’t expand the moonshot’s open-access requirement to other programs run by the $5.7 billion institute. “We consider this a pilot program and depending on [its] success … we’ll determine the next steps,” she says. But Heather Joseph, executive director of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition in Washington, D.C., hopes the agency will go further….”

Publizieren: “Open Access sollte freiwillig sein” – Forschung & Lehre

From Google’s English: “I consider the possibility of free access to publications to enrich the scientific publishing culture as long as it is voluntary. I like to use Open Access myself sometimes. But I see it critically that central arguments in the open access debate are presented as alternative, although they are not on closer analysis. A compulsion to open access is felt by many scientists as restriction of their freedom of choice. It also creates bureaucracy and costs the authors money. In the light of these facts, as well as current discussions on “Plan S”, I think it is appropriate to take a closer look at the critical aspects of Open Access.”

Open-Access-Strategie des Landes Brandenburg | Zenodo

“This paper is the result of a project funded by the MWFK Brandenburg , which has been under the direction of Prof. Dr. med. jur. Ellen Euler, LL.M. at the University of Applied Sciences Potsdam is settled. The goal was and is to involve all areas and actors involved in scholarly publishing in Brandenburg in a transparent, collaborative and integrative multi-stakeholder project and to participate in the development of this strategy. Finally, the Brandenburg Regional Rectors’ Conference (BLRK), in which all Brandenburg universities are represented, dealt with the present strategy in July 2019. All the institutions that wanted to actively participate in the process, in particular the higher education institutions in the state of Brandenburg and their infrastructure facilities, have named representatives who have perceived the interests and needs of the respective area and contributed them to the strategy. Through bilateral talks, networking meetings,

Open access as a cross-cutting task requires joint and coordinated efforts at all levels. The present open access strategy defines objectives for the state of Brandenburg and the measures to be implemented by the relevant actors (scientists, universities, infrastructure facilities and provincial government), which should contribute to the achievement of the objectives, as well as the measures required to track the achievement of the objectives. The knowledge from the state of Brandenburg should become more visible, discoverable, accessible and usable. Brandenburg as a science location will thus become more attractive, and the innovative capacity of the region and the knowledge-based companies of the state of Brandenburg will be strengthened….”

Open-Access-Strategie des Landes Brandenburg veröffentlicht – netzpolitik.org

From Google’s English: “Brandenburg is the sixth federal state [in Germany] to present its own strategy for more openness in science. So far, only Baden-Württemberg (May 2014) , Berlin (July 2015) , Hamburg (September 2017) , Schleswig-Holstein (November 2014) , Thuringia (January 2018) and the Confederation (September 2016) have come through the Ministry of Education and Research expressly known to Open Access.

In addition, the federal government is currently working on a national open access strategy as evidenced by the February 2018 coalition agreement . Actually amazing, considering that more than 15 years ago the Berlin Declaration in 2003 laid the foundation for more open access in Germany….

It is noteworthy that the country, starting with the Ministry for Science, Research and Culture , which is responsible for Open Access, wants to lead by example and make its own publications, as well as its own website, open-access best practice in the future want!

In order to motivate as many interested parties as possible in the field of open access to science, the state will annually award prizes for best practice examples from science and designate open access ambassadors whose work should be transmitted to their colleagues….

Ultimately, it is the scientists from Brandenburg who have to fill the country’s open access strategy with life and contribute to the implementation of the strategic goals. The strategy therefore identifies necessary measures for these as well as for other important actors to strategically promote open access in the country.

 

Among other things, the scientists are asked to always consider an open access publication and to license the publication as open as possible. Where this is not possible, they should always exercise their secondary publishing rights….”

 

Bryant Fellowships, Harvard Library

“Harvard Library is pleased to announce the revival of the Douglas W. Bryant Fellowships, beginning this fall. Each cycle, awards of $500 to $2000 will be given to support independent research or scholarly activities by Harvard Library staff….

Fellowship recipients must produce a tangible product (i.e. scholarly article, monograph, working paper, app, code, website, etc.) as the result of their activities. This product must be made open-access/open-source….”

Open science included in new Serbian law | EIFL

“The Serbian government has passed a new law on science and research that recognizes open science as a fundamental principle of science and research.

The new Law on Science and Research, passed on 8 July 2019, confirms Serbia’s commitment to open science. It comes just a year after the Ministry of Education, Science and Technological Development (MESTD), the main national funder of research in Serbia, adopted a national open science policy, the Platform for Open Science, mandating open science to all publicly funded research….”

A cohort study of how faculty in LIS schools perceive and engage with open-access publishing – Wilhelm Peekhaus,

Abstract:  This article presents results from a survey of faculty in North American Library and Information Studies (LIS) schools about their attitudes towards and experience with open-access publishing. As a follow-up to a similar survey conducted in 2013, the article also outlines the differences in beliefs about and engagement with open access that have occurred between 2013 and 2018. Although faculty in LIS schools are proponents of free access to research, journal publication choices remain informed by traditional considerations such as prestige and impact factor. Engagement with open access has increased significantly, while perceptions of open access have remained relatively stable between 2013 and 2018. Nonetheless, those faculty who have published in an open-access journal or are more knowledgeable about open access tend to be more convinced about the quality of open-access publications and less apprehensive about open-access publishing than those who have no publishing experience with open-access journals or who are less knowledgeable about various open-access modalities. Willingness to comply with gold open-access mandates has increased significantly since 2013.

Minister Halligan launches framework encouraging open research environment – TechCentral.ie

“Minister of State for Training, Skills, Innovation, Research & Development, John Halligan, has launched Ireland’s National Framework on the Transition to an Open Research Environment.

Prepared by the National Open Research Forum (NORF), the framework was a response to developments in open research, both in the EU and internationally.

Open research refers to the movement towards more transparent, collaborative, accessible and efficient research.

The frameworks objective is to enhance the integrity, public trust and excellence in research across all disciplines. Its principles are to support access to research funded by the Irish government, improve the free flow of information across research communities, and boost transparency, accountability and public awareness of the results of publicly funded research. This is aligned with European Commission policy that has devloped in this area. It makes recommendations on a range of topics, including open access to research data, the preservation and reuse of scientific information, skills and competencies and incentives and rewards….”

National Framework on Transition to an Open Research Environment unveiled

“Minister John Halligan has launched Ireland’s National Framework on the Transition to an Open Research Environment….

The National Framework is a key deliverable of the National Open Research Forum (NORF), which was set up in 2017 to bring together key members of the research community to drive Ireland’s open research agenda as set out in Innovation 2020, Ireland’s research and development, science and technology strategy.

Patricia Clarke of the Health Research Board and co-chair of the NORF said: “The National Framework is a clear statement of intent by the Irish research community to take practical steps to embed open research in Ireland….

The framework is aligned with emerging European Union policy and includes principles on: open access to publications; enabling FAIR[1] research data; underpinning infrastructures for access to and preservation of research; development of skills and competencies, and incentives and rewards for open research within research evaluation processes.

The framework will open up access to publicly funded research in Ireland and support research excellence across all disciplines. Open Research will be a requirement of the next EU Framework Programme, Horizon Europe, and Irish researchers and institutions need to be ready….”

Open Access Routes Dichotomy and Opportunities: Consolidation, Analysis and Trends at the Spanish National Research Council | HTML

Abstract: This article gives a comprehensive overview of recent Spanish National Research Council (CSIC) publications available in Open Access. With a focus on research articles from the last decade (2008–2018), this work aims to fill the gap in previous studies about publishing trends and impact monitoring of publications by researchers from the Spanish National Research Council. Evolution and main trends of Green and Gold Open Access routes at CSIC are addressed through a close insight into DIGITAL.CSIC repository and institutional Open Access Publishing Support Programme. The article draws on major conclusions at a time when an institutional Open Access mandate has just entered into force. The article also relates findings about performance of institutional Open Access Publishing Initiative and total volume of CSIC articles published in Open Access with an estimation of overall costs on article processing charges during these years. Furthermore, the data serve as a basis to make preliminary considerations as to opportunities to move from a subscription-based model to one fully aligned with Gold Open Access publishing. The data analyzed come from a variety of sources, including public information and internal records maintained by the CSIC E-resources Subscription programme, DIGITAL.CSIC and data retrieved from GesBIB, an internal, in-house development tool that integrates bibliographic information about CSIC publications as well as data from several external APIs, including Unpaywall, DOAJ and Sherpa Romeo.