Florida Institute of Technology invites applications from enthusiastic, proactive, and service-oriented candidates for the new position of Scholarly Communications Librarian. This position will serve as a leader and advocate in the Library and across the institution on all issues related to the dissemination, preservation, and use of the scholarly and creative output of Florida Tech’s faculty, researchers, staff and students. Under the direction of the Assistant Dean, Access and Discovery, the Scholarly Communications Librarian will work collaboratively to expand and manage the Library’s scholarly communication services and to educate the Florida Tech community on all matters pertaining to scholarly communications….”
Abstract: The United States (‘US’) extended most copyright terms by 20 years in 1998, and has since exported that extension via ‘free trade’ agreements to countries including Australia and Canada. A key justification for the longer term was the claim that exclusive rights are necessary to encourage publishers to invest in making older works available — and that, unless such rights were granted, they would go underused. This study empirically tests this ‘underuse hypothesis’ by investigating the relative availability of ebooks to public libraries across Australia, New Zealand, the US and Canada. We find that books are actually less available where they are under copyright than where they are in the public domain, and that commercial publishers seem undeterred from investing in works even where others are competing to supply the same titles. We also find that exclusive rights do not appear to trigger investment in works that have low commercial demand, with books from 59% of the ‘culturally valuable’ authors we sampled unavailable in any jurisdiction, regardless of copyright status. This provides new evidence of how even the shortest copyright terms can outlast works’ commercial value, even where cultural value remains. Further, we find that works are priced much higher where they are under copyright than where they in the public domain, and these differences typically far exceed what would be paid to authors or their heirs. Thus, one effect of extending copyrights from life + 50 to life + 70 is that libraries are obliged to pay higher prices in exchange for worse access.
This is the first published study to test the underuse hypothesis outside the US, and the first to analyse comparative availability of identical works across jurisdictions where their copyright status differs. It adds to the evidence that the underuse hypothesis is not borne out by real world practice. Nonetheless, countries are still being obliged to enact extended terms as a cost of trade access. We argue that such nations should explore alternative ways of dividing up those rights to better achieve copyright’s fundamental aims of rewarding authors and promoting widespread access to knowledge and culture.
“Yesterday, the White House Office of Management and Budget (OMB) released their long-awaited draft Federal Data Strategy Action Plan which outlines the Administration’s concrete action plan for implementing the President’s Management Agenda priority to leverage data as a National Strategic Asset. It also serves as a blueprint for the government’s implementation of the Foundations for Evidence-Based Policymaking/Open Government Act, which was signed into law in January.
The draft action plan, which is open for public comment until July 5th, lays out actions considered fundamental for the government to undertake during the first year in order to execute the full breadth of the strategy over time. It includes concrete deliverables for each individual federal agency, as well as government-wide actions facilitated by collaborative agency work.
The plan articulates six actions for all federal agencies to individually complete once the action plan is finalized in August:
- Improve data resources for artificial intelligence research and development by February 2020
- Constitute a diverse data governance body by September 2019
- Assess data and related infrastructure maturity by May 2020
- Identify opportunities to increase staff data skills by May 2020
- Identify data needed to answer key agency questions by August 2020
- Identify priority datasets for agency open data plans by August 2020…”
“OhioLINK, a library consortium serving 118 libraries and 89 Ohio colleges and universities, announced today the signing of a Wiley Open Access Account agreement. A Wiley Open Access Account will enable OhioLINK-affiliated researchers to use a central fund for Article Publication Charges (APC). The partnership reflects both parties’ growing commitment to open research and advancing scholarly communications. OhioLINK is the first North American library consortium to centrally fund the creation and dissemination of open access research….”
“We, the provosts of the Big Ten Academic Alliance, are committed to sustaining and advancing equitable modes of sharing knowledge. Our 14 institutions embrace individual mission statements that support the common good, equity of access, and the global impact and reach of our research and scholarship. Collectively, our institutions’ more than 50,000 faculty are supported by over $10 billion (2017) in research funding, and our institutions have similarly invested significantly in our capacity to further our missions to advance knowledge. Together, we produce roughly 15% of the research publications in the United States….
In 2006, we shared an open letter in support of taxpayer access to federally-funded research. In 2012, we repeated our advocacy for open access in the face of potentially restrictive legislation to curtail that openness. Since then, our institutions have further invested in systems, repositories, and local policies to support open access to the works of our faculty. And we have encouraged our libraries and faculty to work together to assess the value of purchased or licensed content and the appropriate terms governing its use. With Big Ten libraries’ expenditures on journals exceeding $190 million, we recognize that our institutions are privileged in the level of access we provide our campuses, yet the status quo is not sustainable….”
“The Publishing and Repository Services Librarian leads The Ohio State University Libraries program for innovative and sustainable publishing and repository services to support scholarly content creation and stewardship. This tenure-track faculty position provides operational, tactical, and strategic leadership for the Libraries Open Access digital publishing and institutional repository services and initiatives. The Publishing and Repository Services Librarian builds new capacity, publishing partnerships, and services and sustains existing, successful initiatives. This work will include accelerating campus partnerships, advancing the Libraries publishing program, and guiding the continued growth of Ohio State’s institutional repository, the Knowledge Bank.
The Ohio State University Libraries currently publishes and hosts fifteen Open Access journals, archives the research and scholarship of more than 100 campus partners, and promotes the open sharing of scholarly works created by Ohio State faculty, staff, and students. As a member of the Scholarly Sharing Program Area’s leadership team, the Publishing and Repository Services Librarian reports to the Scholarly Sharing Strategist and helps support new models for the dissemination of research, scholarship, and creative expression in alignment with the Libraries strategic directions. The Publishing and Repository Services unit currently includes three staff members and .5 FTE students. Publishing and Repository Services works in close collaboration with Copyright Services, the Libraries’ Research Commons, Libraries IT, and subject specialists. Campus partners include the university press and an affordable textbook publishing program managed by the OCIO….”
“The White House tried to stop a State Department senior intelligence analyst from discussing climate science in congressional testimony this week, internal emails and documents show.
The State Department’s Bureau of Intelligence and Research declined to make changes to the proposed testimony and the analyst, Rod Schoonover, an adjunct professor at Georgetown University, was ultimately allowed to speak before the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence on Wednesday.
But in a highly unusual move, the White House refused to approve Dr. Schoonover’s written testimony for entry into the permanent Congressional Record. The reasoning, according to a June 4 email seen by The New York Times, was that the science did not match the Trump administration’s views….”
“Reporting to the Head of Scholarly Communication Initiatives (SCI), specific duties are as follows:
- Utilizes Digital Scholarship@UNLV to manage, store and make public UNLV research outputs.
- Provides expertise and guidance on fulfilling federal mandates for sharing/dissemination of research outputs such as data and articles.
- Collaborates with the Data Librarian to provide holistic support for research data services with a focus on dissemination and preservation.
- Utilizes appropriate research metrics, including citation analysis, bibliometrics, altmetrics, and emerging tools to assist faculty with articulating research impact and managing scholarly reputation.
- Provides analyses of bibliometric data for campus stakeholders.
- Supports research workflows through the identification of appropriate tools (e.g., Open Science Framework and Figshare), and provides support/expertise for those tools. Develops an understanding of existing research infrastructures, tools, and workflows used by researchers at UNLV to inform direction in this area.
- Advises and guides UNLV researchers on best methods to maximize their reach and online reputation through social media platforms such as academia.edu, google scholar etc. and the use of persistent identifiers such as ORCID.
- Acts as lead contact for the Libraries’ subscription to ORCID, overseeing technical issues or projects such as implementing single sign-on.
- Utilizes a variety of outreach and communication methods such as workshops, consultations, and library guides to engage researchers.
- Contributes to overall SCI department efforts to inform and educate UNLV faculty and students on the evolving scholarly landscape. Stays current and up to date with scholarly communication and related areas to be effective in this task.
- As a tenure-track library faculty member, the incumbent will also be expected to engage in scholarly activities, including publication, and to provide service to the university, the community, and the profession in accordance with Libraries and University standards for promotion and tenure. …”
“The Columbia University Libraries seek an innovative, collaborative, and engaged Scholarly Communication Technologies Librarian to provide technical leadership and vision for re-imagining Columbia’s institutional repository as a hub for scholarly communication and open knowledge creation across campus. The librarian will have deep knowledge of cutting-edge scholarly technologies and workflows that will help evolve the operations, integrations, and services of the institutional repository. They will collaborate with campus and community partners to gather requirements for and implement innovative integrations with broader library, campus, and general scholarly communication infrastructure, with the goal of supporting frictionless scholarly workflows for new and evolving forms of scholarship across and beyond the University. This new librarian position reports to the Assistant Director for Scholarly Communication and Projects, and is part of a values-driven team that encompasses scholarly communication, digital humanities, and computing fundamentals….”
“The Iowa State University Library is seeking applications for the Head of Collections and Open Strategies. The successful candidate (Librarian II or III) will lead a newly created department that will increase the impact and reach of ISU’s research and scholarship by actively supporting, innovating, and advancing open and sustainable models for knowledge generation, dissemination, and publishing. The University Library is recognized nationally and internationally as a leader in advancing open access and is well on its way to integrating its open values into its collection strategies. Under direction of the Associate University Librarian for Scholarly Communications and Collections, the Head of Collections and Open Strategies will monitor the expenditure of a $12 million budget, oversee a growing open access program, lead outreach efforts to faculty in support of scholarly communications reform, and serve as the Libraries’ chief internal resource for copyright issues, content licensing policy, and negotiations. The University Library is strongly committed to providing professional development and learning opportunities to ensure the incumbent has the skills and knowledge necessary to succeed across the position’s diverse scholarly communications and collections responsibilities….”