Open science, communal culture, and women’s participation in the movement to improve science | PNAS

Abstract:  Science is undergoing rapid change with the movement to improve science focused largely on reproducibility/replicability and open science practices. This moment of change—in which science turns inward to examine its methods and practices—provides an opportunity to address its historic lack of diversity and noninclusive culture. Through network modeling and semantic analysis, we provide an initial exploration of the structure, cultural frames, and women’s participation in the open science and reproducibility literatures (n = 2,926 articles and conference proceedings). Network analyses suggest that the open science and reproducibility literatures are emerging relatively independently of each other, sharing few common papers or authors. We next examine whether the literatures differentially incorporate collaborative, prosocial ideals that are known to engage members of underrepresented groups more than independent, winner-takes-all approaches. We find that open science has a more connected, collaborative structure than does reproducibility. Semantic analyses of paper abstracts reveal that these literatures have adopted different cultural frames: open science includes more explicitly communal and prosocial language than does reproducibility. Finally, consistent with literature suggesting the diversity benefits of communal and prosocial purposes, we find that women publish more frequently in high-status author positions (first or last) within open science (vs. reproducibility). Furthermore, this finding is further patterned by team size and time. Women are more represented in larger teams within reproducibility, and women’s participation is increasing in open science over time and decreasing in reproducibility. We conclude with actionable suggestions for cultivating a more prosocial and diverse culture of science.

The Varying Openness of Digital Open Science Tools | Zenodo

Abstract:  Digital tools that support Open Science practices play a key role in the seamless accumulation, archiving and dissemination of scholarly data, outcomes and conclusions. Despite their integration into Open Science practices, the providence and design of these digital tools are rarely explicitly scrutinized. This means that influential factors, such as the funding models of the parent organizations, their geographic location, and the dependency on digital infrastructures are rarely considered. Suggestions from literature and anecdotal evidence already draw attention to the impact of these factors, and raise the question of whether the Open Science ecosystem can realise the aspiration to become a truly “unlimited digital commons” in its current structure. 

In an online research approach, we compiled and analysed the geolocation, terms and conditions as well as funding models of 242 digital tools increasingly being used by researchers in various disciplines. Our findings indicate that design decisions and restrictions are biased towards researchers in North American and European scholarly communities. In order to make the future Open Science ecosystem inclusive and operable for researchers in all world regions including Africa, Latin America, Asia and Oceania, those should be actively included in design decision processes. 

 

Digital Open Science Tools carry the promise of enabling collaboration across disciplines, world regions and language groups through responsive design. We therefore encourage long term funding mechanisms and ethnically as well as culturally inclusive approaches serving local prerequisites and conditions to tool design and construction allowing a globally connected digital research infrastructure to evolve in a regionally balanced manner.

Call for Speakers and Poster Presentations | Open Science Conference

“Carefully selected talks given by international experts are an essential part of the conference programme. Speakers are invited by the programme committee. With this call we invite you to apply for a talk at the conference. Talks should address Open Science aspects on a broader level and cover topics including (but not limited to):

Reflections on effects and impact of current crises on open research practices and science communication
Lessons learned from crises and approaches to sustainably ensure the opening of science in future
Resume on Open Science practices and their application and acceptance in scientific communities
Overview on existing research on the scientific benefit of Open Science practices and their impact in society such as coping with crises
Overview on Open Science education and science communication to different target groups in the broad public….”

COAR Forum on COVID-19, Open Science, and Repositories – COAR

“On September 10, 2020, COAR hosted a 2-hour forum highlighting the role of open science and open repositories in the context of COVID-19. The forum showcased several collaborative initiatives from around the world aiming to improve the discovery of, and access to, COVID-19 research outputs.

Participants learned about three projects from different regions, followed by an interactive session in which participants shared information about their activities using the mentimeter platform. 

A recording and presentations are now available! COAR will be providing other opportunities for information sharing in the coming months.

Key Takeaways

1. COVID-19 has led to an increase in awareness of open science

2. Many participants are engaged in COVID-19 related activities, including:

recruiting COVID-19 resources into repositories
improving discovery of COVID-19 related content
supporting text and data mining
advocating for open science
delivering resources for online learning

3. Challenges for participants include:

copyright, embargoes and licenses attached to resources
metadata and data curation
infrastructure
connectivity

4. COAR can help through activities such as:

community building
advocacy
defining best practices
supporting information sharing…”

Knowledge Infrastructure and the Role of the University · Commonplace

“As open access to research information grows and publisher business models adapt accordingly, knowledge infrastructure has become the new frontier for advocates of open science. This paper argues that the time has come for universities and other knowledge institutions to assume a larger role in mitigating the risks that arise from ongoing consolidation in research infrastructure, including the privatization of community platforms, commercial control of analytics solutions, and other market-driven trends in scientific and scholarly publishing….

The research community is rightfully celebrating more open access and open data, yet there is growing recognition in the academic community that pay-to-publish open access is not the panacea people were hoping for when it comes to affordable, sustainable scholarly and scientific publishing. Publication is, after all, only one step in a flow of research communication activities that starts with the collection and analysis of research data and ends with assessment of research impact. Open science is the movement towards open methods, data, and software, to enhance reproducibility, fairness, and distributed collaboration in science. The construct covers such diverse elements as the use of open source software, the sharing of data sets, open and transparent peer review processes, open repositories for the long-term storage and availability of both data and articles, as well as the availability of open protocols and methodologies that ensure the reproducibility and overall quality of research. How these trends can be reconciled with the economic interests of the publishing industry as it is currently organized remains to be seen, but the time is ripe for greater multi-stakeholder coordination and institutional investment in building and maintaining a diversified open infrastructure pipeline.”

control ©: Copyright law and freedom of communication – GFF – Gesellschaft für Freiheitsrechte e.V.

“Knowledge multiplies when it is shared. Unfortunately, scientists repeatedly encounter barriers when trying to access research results. The goal of the Open Access movement is to make scientific findings, most of which are already publicly funded, freely available to all who wish to access them. This is also in the interest of the authors, who are often forced to cede the rights to their studies to commercial scientific publishers without earning any money from the research themselves. Paywalls, which make access to scientific research results conditional on users paying a subscription fee, are an obstacle to scientific progress, and the legislator has now also recognized this.

However, the rules that are intended to enable scientists and scholars to publish their results more quickly in Open Access are often so complicated that they are still not widely used. Problems also arise when copyrighted materials are the subject of scientific research, such as in the digital humanities when researchers are unable to freely share the datasets that form the basis of their research.

This is where we want to create legal certainty in the sense of academic freedom by means of strategic legal actions, for example by helping researchers to legally enforce their rights of use under copyright exceptions….”

Research 2030 podcast: Can the reward system learn to love open science? Part 1 with Jean-Claude Burgelman

“The open science movement has been gaining momentum over the past decade, prompting initiatives such as cOAlition S, with its plan to increase open access publications. But while the goals of open science are welcomed by many, challenges remain. And top of the list is the researcher reward system.

This is the first episode in our short series on open science and the reward system. Host Dr. Stephane Berghmans, Elsevier VP of Academic and Research Relations EU, welcomes Prof. Jean-Claude Burgelman to the podcast. Prof. Burgelman is eminently qualified to talk about this topic. Not only is he a part-time Professor of Open Science Policy at Vrije Universiteit Brussel, he was recently Head of Unit Open Data Policies and Science Cloud at the European Commission and an open access envoy for the organization….”

Open Science Training: How to Implement Methods and Practices in European Research Libraries | ZBW MediaTalk

“How can the principles of Open Science be implemented in European research libraries to enable world-class research? A LIBER working group has addressed this question and developed appropriate training methods and practices. Cécile Swiatek was one of the persons who led the working group and presents the results in an interview. She also tells us why libraries are perfectly suited to play a key role in the change towards an open culture and why it is so important to build networks and share knowledge in this process….”

Open Science Training: How to Implement Methods and Practices in European Research Libraries | ZBW MediaTalk

“How can the principles of Open Science be implemented in European research libraries to enable world-class research? A LIBER working group has addressed this question and developed appropriate training methods and practices. Cécile Swiatek was one of the persons who led the working group and presents the results in an interview. She also tells us why libraries are perfectly suited to play a key role in the change towards an open culture and why it is so important to build networks and share knowledge in this process….”

Qatar National Library joins Global Sustainability Coalition for Open Science Services – The Peninsula Qatar

“Qatar National Library (QNL) has joined the Global Sustainability Coalition for Open Science Services (SCOSS), thus furthering its commitment to helping researchers in Qatar and beyond publish their findings on international publishing platforms. 

The Library was named as a representative of the Middle East on the board of SCOSS as part of its continuing commitment to sharing knowledge and information across the world through open access. The Library will join a network of influential organizations committed to helping secure open access and open science infrastructures worldwide.  These infrastructures include scholarly communication resources, services and software that help researchers collect, store, organize, access, share and assess their research….”