A Great Development on the GREAT Act – SPARC

“Yesterday, the U.S. Senate unanimously passed the Grant Reporting Efficiency and Agreements Transparency (GREAT) Act (S. 1829). The GREAT Act aims to simplify and harmonize federal grant recipient reporting obligations. Specifically, it requires the creation of a comprehensive and standardized data structure covering all data elements reported by recipients of federal awards — including grant and cooperative agreements. It standardizes how the government reports its grants data much in the same way the 2014 DATA Act did for agency spending.

By replacing outdated documents with open data, the GREAT Act will deliver transparency for grantmaking agencies and the public and allow grantees to automate their reporting processes, reducing compliance costs. The bill fosters increased federal oversight and transparency into the distribution of federal funding and facilitates the adoption of modern technologies….”

Do Authors Deposit on Time? Tracking Open Access Policy Compliance – IEEE Conference Publication

Abstract:  Recent years have seen fast growth in the number of policies mandating Open Access (OA) to research outputs. We conduct a large-scale analysis of over 800 thousand papers from repositories around the world published over a period of 5 years to investigate: a) if the time lag between the date of publication and date of deposit in a repository can be effectively tracked across thousands of repositories globally, and b) if introducing deposit deadlines is associated with a reduction of time from acceptance to public availability of research outputs. We show that after the introduction of the UK REF 2021 OA policy, this time lag has decreased significantly in the UK and that the policy introduction might have accelerated the UK’s move towards immediate OA compared to other countries. This supports the argument for the inclusion of a time-limited deposit requirement in OA policies.

 

Evaluating FAIR maturity through a scalable, automated, community-governed framework | Scientific Data

Abstract:  Transparent evaluations of FAIRness are increasingly required by a wide range of stakeholders, from scientists to publishers, funding agencies and policy makers. We propose a scalable, automatable framework to evaluate digital resources that encompasses measurable indicators, open source tools, and participation guidelines, which come together to accommodate domain relevant community-defined FAIR assessments. The components of the framework are: (1) Maturity Indicators – community-authored specifications that delimit a specific automatically-measurable FAIR behavior; (2) Compliance Tests – small Web apps that test digital resources against individual Maturity Indicators; and (3) the Evaluator, a Web application that registers, assembles, and applies community-relevant sets of Compliance Tests against a digital resource, and provides a detailed report about what a machine “sees” when it visits that resource. We discuss the technical and social considerations of FAIR assessments, and how this translates to our community-driven infrastructure. We then illustrate how the output of the Evaluator tool can serve as a roadmap to assist data stewards to incrementally and realistically improve the FAIRness of their resources.

COAR and cOAlition S Supporting Repositories to Adhere to Plan S | Plan S

“COAR and cOAlition S share a common aim to accelerate the transition to full and immediate Open Access to scholarly publications and COAR supports the vision and principles outlined in Plan S.

Repositories offer a low-cost, high-value option for providing Open Access and are also a mechanism for introducing innovation in scholarly communication, acting as vehicles for developing new dissemination models and providing access to a wide range of scholarly content.

One of the routes for complying with Plan S is for authors to make the final published version or the Author’s Accepted Manuscript openly available in a Plan S compliant repository. cOAlition S and COAR acknowledge that some of the specific technical requirements of Plan S will entail extra effort for some repositories, however, these requirements can for the most part be addressed by the community.

In order to ensure that repositories can comply with Plan S, COAR and cOAlition S intend to work together to support repositories in adhering to the requirements through the following activities:

COAR will engage with the most widely adopted repository platforms to determine their current capabilities to support Plan S, identify any challenges, and provide expertise and knowledge to help with the adoption of technical requirements by the platforms.
COAR will work through its members, partners and regional networks to provide leadership and guidance related to the adoption of persistent identifiers, standard vocabularies, and quality metadata in repositories.
COAR will provide cOAlition S with relevant feedback from different regions and the repository community about issues or barriers to the endorsement and implementation of Plan S.
COAR and cOAlition S will work on a strategic roadmap to strengthen and transform the role of repositories in supporting Open Access and Open Science….”

Discover how European funders are approaching Open policy and practices in new report – SPARC Europe

“A report that reveals the Open Access and Open Science policies, incentives and practices of European funders is being released today. Based on a survey conducted in late spring, the report is a first of its kind to examine what key international funding bodies (international and national funding bodies, major charities and foundations, national academics and key research performing organisations) are doing to incentivise openness to the work they help fund.

The intention behind the survey, which was led by SPARC Europe in consultation with ALLEA, the European Federation of Academies of Sciences and Humanities, The European Foundation Centre (EFC) and Science Europe, is to spur even greater – more widespread – support for Open research; to advance Open Access to research results in Europe….”

IOP Publishing supplies full-text content to Publications Router | Jisc scholarly communications

“IOP Publishing, the publishing arm of the Institute of Physics, has become the latest publisher to supply full-text articles to Jisc’s Publications Router for onward distribution to institutions’ open repositories. This helps the institutions capture and disseminate the articles their researchers have written, showcasing the results of their research programmes and helping them demonstrate compliance with funding bodies’ open access requirements….”

Open Science in Research Projects: Library supports from Grant Proposal to Final Report | ZBW MediaTalk

“If open science aspects of research projects are not planned in the early stage of writing a grant proposal, a lot of problems may occur during the projects’ lifetime. On the other hand, offering support to researchers is an opportunity for libraries to have happy patrons and build long lasting relationships with researchers that become the best ambassadors for open science. Romain Féret gives an insight into the open science service of the University of Lille and its experiences….”

Open Access: Will the Paywalls Come Tumbling Down? | European Heart Journal | Oxford Academic

“The drive to make publicly-funded research freely available to all interested parties has been gathering momentum over recent years with support from academics and funders and backing from the European Commission. Although there is a broad agreement that open access is best for everyone, methods of dismantling paywalls and ending systems of subscription are an ongoing subject of debate….”

Open Access: Will the Paywalls Come Tumbling Down? | European Heart Journal | Oxford Academic

“The drive to make publicly-funded research freely available to all interested parties has been gathering momentum over recent years with support from academics and funders and backing from the European Commission. Although there is a broad agreement that open access is best for everyone, methods of dismantling paywalls and ending systems of subscription are an ongoing subject of debate….”

Report and Toolkit to Support Learned Society Publishers Transition to Immediate Open Access | Plan S

“cOAlition S aims to work with publishers, societies, consortia, and other stakeholders to accelerate the transition to Open Access. One of the current priorities is to develop clearer approaches to transformative arrangements towards full and immediate Open Access. Today an independent report and toolkit are launched to do just this.

This work was commissioned by Wellcome and UK Research and Innovation (UKRI) – two UK members of cOAlition S – in partnership with the Association of Learned & Professional Society Publishers (ALPSP). Information Power were appointed to lead the project.

The resulting report and toolkit are designed to help support learned society publishers to accelerate their transition to Open Access, and enter into transformative agreements that unlock a multi-year transitional pathway compliant with Plan S for hybrid Open Access titles. All outputs are available under a CC-BY licence at: https://doi.org/10.6084/m9.figshare.c.4561397 …”