Que faut-il faire pour que la science soit plus ouverte? (What needs to be done to make science more open?)

From Google’s English: 

“Open science is the practice of making research publications and data freely available. It takes advantage of the digital transition to develop open access to publications and, to the fullest extent possible, to research data.”

Open Science | ANR

From Google’s English: “The open science policy initiated by the ANR in 2013 is fully in line with the National Open Science Plan launched by Minister Frédérique Vidal in July 2018, with the following three objectives:

Promote open access to publications (Open Access)

As part of the ANR’s contribution to the promotion and implementation of open science, and in connection with the National Open Science Plan, the coordinator and the partners and the partners commit themselves in the event of funding to deposit scientific publications (full text) from the research project in an open archive, either directly in HAL or through a local institutional archive, under the conditions of Article 30 of the Law “For a Digital Republic ” . Moreover, the ANR recommends favoring publication in journals or books natively open access.

Contribute to open data whenever possible (Open Data)

In order to implement the principle “as open as possible, as closed as necessary” and in accordance with FAIR principles (Easy to find, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable), the NRA encourages coordinators to consider the issue of research from the editing and throughout the project. The Agency will request the development of a data management plan for all funded projects within 6 months of the start of the project starting from the 2019 edition. This document summarizes the description and evolution of the projects. datasets, it prepares the sharing, reuse and sustainability of data….

Coordinate actions at European and international level

 

ANR is also involved in several transnational initiatives in which it takes the French position in favor of open science and bibliodiversity. She is a member of the coalition S which brings together several funding agencies to accelerate the transition to a full and immediate access to scientific publications and supports the S Plan . The Agency is also a member of the GO FAIR office in France….”

Publications scientifiques : la guerre est déclarée – Sciences et Avenir

From Google’s English: “The scientific publishing sector is one of the most profitable in the world. It is also widely disputed by universities and research organizations forced to pay subscriptions of several million dollars. The prestigious University of California has decided to stop the fees….

This is a real coup for the academic world and especially a symbol. Starting this month, the prestigious University of California, will no longer have access to the scientific publications of Elsevier, the largest scientific publisher in the world. His subscription was simply terminated after months of unsuccessful negotiations. The reason for the discord: the prohibitive cost of subscriptions, among others. Thus, in 2018, the institution had to pay $ 11 million for its researchers to access 1,500 scientific journals belonging to Elsevier – which holds a total of almost 3,000. A situation deemed untenable….”

Publications scientifiques : la guerre est déclarée – Sciences et Avenir

From Google’s English: “The scientific publishing sector is one of the most profitable in the world. It is also widely disputed by universities and research organizations forced to pay subscriptions of several million dollars. The prestigious University of California has decided to stop the fees….

This is a real coup for the academic world and especially a symbol. Starting this month, the prestigious University of California, will no longer have access to the scientific publications of Elsevier, the largest scientific publisher in the world. His subscription was simply terminated after months of unsuccessful negotiations. The reason for the discord: the prohibitive cost of subscriptions, among others. Thus, in 2018, the institution had to pay $ 11 million for its researchers to access 1,500 scientific journals belonging to Elsevier – which holds a total of almost 3,000. A situation deemed untenable….”

Ouvrir la Science – Critères pour l’éligibilité des projets au financement par le Fonds national de la science ouverte

From Google’s English: “The criteria, 44 in number , are divided according to different themes.

For the operation of the platforms and the infrastructures, it is about:

  • the governance,
  • transparency,
  • viability / sustainability
  • replicability / portability.

And for the editorial contents of:

  • governance / integrity / editorial policy,
  • the legal framework,
  • the business model / generalities,
  • the economic model / special cases of journals and collections with payment per unit of publication costs,
  • accessibility / interoperability / sustainability of content.

They are classified according to three levels : indispensable, highly recommended and desired. …”

Un accord de 4 ans entre Elsevier et la recherche française – The Sound Of Science

“Unlike institutions Swedish and Norwegian or at universities such as California , academic institutions and research French have agreed in principle by the voice of their consortium Couperin, for the renewal of a national license with Elsevier.

In a letter sent April 11 to the scientific publisher that Sound Of Science has procured, Lise Dumasy, president of the consortium, details the terms of the agreement whose duration is 4 years, effective from January 1 2019.

With this agreement, French research institutions will have access to the publisher’s “Freeedom complete edition” magazine package, Lancet included, French Medical Library and Cell Press. However, the consortium does not guarantee the publisher that all its members will adhere to the national license….

This agreement provides for a gradual decrease in license costs of 13.3% spread over 4 years….

The agreement provides for Elsevier to make a 25% rebate on its Article processing charge ( APC ), which can be translated as an Item Processing Fee, which is the price paid by a researcher’s laboratory when it publishes in some journals in Open Access…

A highlight of the agreement is what is known as “green open access”. This term originally refers to how to force open publication of scientific articles by publishing “author” versions of scientific articles. Indeed, the law Republic digital provides that the researchers have the right to publish their article without the modifications that the editor has added (that it is corrections of form or form) after 6 months in STEM (science, technology , engineering and mathematics) and after 12 months in SHS (human and social sciences).

Here, the agreement provides for setting up automatic can access after 12 months’ author manuscript accepted “( MAA ) or postprint streaming directly Sciencedirect, the platform from Elsevier and a manual HAL ( the CNRS open archive ) which points to this streaming. Then, in a second time and after 24 months, the pdf file of this manuscript would be found directly on the HAL platform.

This agreement allows Elsevier to urge French researchers not to worry about the deposit of their articles in “green openaccess” by providing a service that does so but with a broader embargo than allowed by law and in streaming and no with the pdf file accessible directly….”

Science ouverte, le défi de la transparence – Académie éditions

From Google’s English: “A new way of conceiving scientific research, open science, was born with the computer revolution. In the wake of Open Access  (free access to the results of research funded by public money), it supports the great ideal of transparency that today invades all spheres of life in society. This book describes its origins, perspectives and objectives, and reveals the obstacles and obstacles to private profit and academic conservatism.

Bernard Rentier is a Belgian virologist. After an international career as a researcher, he became vice-rector ( 1997-2005 ) and then rector of the University of Liège ( 2005-2014 ). It has established an institutional repository system for scientific publications that has become a model of open access and is currently dedicated to promoting open science in all its implications for research and researchers….”

Science ouverte, le défi de la transparence

From Google’s English: “A new way of conceiving scientific research, open science, was born with the computer revolution. In the wake of Open Access (free access to the results of research funded by public money), it accompanies the great ideal of transparency that today invades all spheres of life in society. This book [by Bernard Rentier] describes its origins, perspectives and objectives, and reveals the obstacles and obstacles to private profit and academic conservatism. …”

10 ans d’Open Access à l’Université de Liège – YouTube

From Google’s English: “Il y a 10 ans naissait ORBi (Open Repository and Bibliography), un répertoire institutionnel qui vise à collecter, préserver et diffuser la production scientifique des membres de l’Université de Liège. “

Science ouverte le défi de la transparence, Bernard Rentier (Open Science The Challenge of Transparency, Bernard Rentier)

From Google’s English:

“Bernard Rentier, Open Science, the challenge of transparency, Preface by Philippe Busquin, Royal Academy of Belgium, L’Académie en Poche Collection n ° 114, Dec.2018, 152 p. ISBN / EAN: 978-2-8031-0659-2

A new way of conceiving scientific research, open science, was born with the computer revolution. In the wake of Open Access (free access to the results of research funded by public money), it accompanies the great ideal of transparency that today invades all spheres of life in society. This book describes its origins, perspectives and objectives, and reveals the obstacles and obstacles to private profit and academic conservatism.”