From Google’s English: “Open science: researchers advocate open access without constraints
The Couperin consortium publishes the results of its investigation into publication and open access by French researchers, carried out as part of the “Plan National for Open Science “announced by the Minister of Higher Education, of Research and Innovation in July 2018.
Unprecedented by its perimeter, by the number of respondents close to 12,000 and by their disciplinary variety, this survey makes it possible to draw some lessons on the perception of scientific communication current research by French researchers, mainly on publication in journals and their relationship to open access. Researchers are generally in favor of open access and understand the major issue: dissemination science results in a free way. However, this objective must be achieved for them without effort, in a simple, readable way and without direct funding from laboratories, all without shaking up too the landscape of traditional journals of their discipline to which they are attached. The contributions of scientific publishers, in particular the “big publishers” are sometimes criticized virulent: their excessive costs are pointed out by more than 85% of respondents. The need for evolution of publishing is allowed but must not be based on an increase in journal titles, resulting in over-information and a decline in the quality of research. The research evaluation criteria, in particularly those using impact factors, are also mentioned as obstacles to the development of scientific publishing. The peer review process remains a recognized tool in many disciplines to guarantee the quality of publications. However, it is considered insufficiently valued and little transparent. It should therefore change, in an internationalized and increasingly competitive context, where the evaluation of researchers through their publications would also evolve. Researchers would like to promote sustainable publishing, with ethical publishers, with an economic model virtuous. However, researchers are not prepared to take on additional efforts to adapt to the complexity of the publication process. Support on these questions could be beneficial. The usefulness of open archives, both institutional and thematic, as vectors for the dissemination of open science is well understood and their functions advanced, when they exist (CV, researcher pages) are appreciated. If the filing is considered simple and rapid for a majority of respondents in the archives many such as HAL, however, report that this should not be their task because they see it as purely administrative, uncorrelated from the process of scientific publication. The preprint archives are acclaimed by the researchers who deposit them, mainly in mathematics, computer science, physics and economics; in particular they use the chat functions around the articles. The fear of finding lower quality articles and the fact that preprints are not not peer-reviewed, still inhibits many communities from using them. Nevertheless, we see to emerge this possibility in new fields, like chemistry and life sciences….”