eLife showcased innovative ideas built around openness for Open Access Week

The theme for this year’s Open Access Week — “Open in order to …” — caught our attention in the eLife office. We took the opportunity to explore how the community is innovating on ‘open’ across the research ecosystem. The resulting series of eLife Labs blog posts showcased projects that demonstrate the value of openness and transparency:

Open in order to research reproducibly

Reproducibility: automated.

Brett Beaulieu-Jones and Casey Greene explained how they have incorporated key principles for reproducible software development into their research. This continuous analysis approach enables them to examine changes in outputs as source code and data are updated or amended, with the benefit that every step is tracked and attributable. Not only does this ensure their research is transparent, it also improves their own efficiency.

Open in order to reuse research data

Data reusability: a pilot with goodtables 

In collaboration with Open Knowledge International (OKI), we investigated the reusability of datasets shared with eLife using OKI’s Goodtables validator tool. We found that these datasets are mainly structured for humans to read rather than machines. Machine readability is important for large-scale reuse of open research data, so we learned it may be useful to help researchers to share machine-readable data in addition to the human-friendly version.

Open in order to share and get feedback

PREreview — a new resource for the collaborative review of preprints 

Daniela Saderi and Samantha Hindle introduced PREreview.org, a new platform through which to share reviews of preprints, and which includes resources to help run preprint journal clubs at institutions. They hope this initiative will help to involve more researchers in peer review, stimulate discussion around preprints, and ultimately encourage greater adoption of preprints in biology through providing useful feedback to authors before the version-of-record publication.

Open in order to understand the context of metrics

A transparent record of life after publication 

Madeleine Watson explained the importance of transparency in data underlying scholarly metrics, specifically regarding the provenance and context of non-traditional citations. The Crossref Event Data stream is built with transparency in mind and can be used by the community as a data source for new services. Publishers can benefit from such services by ensuring their content is captured in the Crossref Event Data stream.

Open in order to help researchers succeed

We also highlighted a Feature Article summarising evidence of how open science brings significant benefits to researchers (Mckiernan et al., 2016). Key steps scientists can take to research more openly include:


This blogpost is cross-posted on Inside eLife.

Successful Open Access Event at University of Nigeria, Nsukka

Wow! It was really great to host the very first Open Access Week at University of Nigeria, Nsukka which was on 24th October, 2017. The event was organised by a group of Open Access Advocates ranging from Librarians, Pharmacists, Scientists and other lecturers who think that scholarship has come to a point where research data and related resources should be globally visible. The event was well attended and the Vice Chancellor, Prof. B. C. Ozumba declared the event open. 

There was a radio talk show by the University Librarian – Prof. Chinwe Ezeani and two other members of the Open Access Group – Dr. Mrs N. Ekere and Dr. Ubaka C. The topics were on Open Access and Institutional Repositories, Open Education and Open Science. 

After the radio programme which was at 9:am, the workshop kicked off at 11am. The event commenced with video clips on Open Access which were played to participants, after which Dr. Ifeanyi Ezema spoke on Open Access Publishing and and the future of Scholarship in Africa. The second presentation was on Open Science and this was done by Dr. Ubaka, a Clinical Pharmacy lecturer. Dr. Mrs Ekere who is a Reference Librarian at University of Nigeria, spoke on Open Education.

There were lots of on-session social media activities. Members tweeted about the event using the following hashtags and mentions: 

#openaccess #openaccessng #INASPInfo #OAWeek #OAWeekUNN #OAWeek17

@openaccessunn @open_access @open_con @libraryunn @openaccessng

See more pictures of the event below: 

The future of open access is…discovery. Who’s leading the way?

Selections from David A. Pendlebury’s blog articles – ‘Easing the Path to Access OA Content for Researchers – Part 1‘ and ‘That was then but this is now… #OAWeek – Part 2′

David Pendlebury presents a look into the future of Open Access discovery, and how Clarivate Analytics is leading the way. 


‘This week marks the 10th anniversary of ‘International Open Access Week,’ and this year’s observance carries a thought-provoking theme: “Open in order to….” This is in itself an open-ended statement which urges us all to focus on what Open Access (OA) really enables, and how we can further enable OA.

Clarivate Analytics is not a publisher, but we are a valued and long-standing part of the scholarly ecosystem, partnering with scholars, and authors, with publishers, and editors and reviewers, so all the hats a researcher wears.

At a time when debate is raging in Europe about OA and the costs associated with access to scholarly research, we are proud to be easing the path to access OA content for researchers.’

‘Clarivate Analytics, which now produces Garfield’s Web of Science, carries his legacy forward and continues to be aligned first and foremost with the interests of researchers.’


‘Like Eugene Garfield, we value what scientists and scholars do and we honor their commitment and dedication to their institutions and their colleagues. A vital research activity that has been undervalued historically is peer review, a truly unselfish and “under-rewarded” service.

That is why, earlier this year, we acquired Publons, a pioneering enterprise that will document and provide data on the review activities of researchers. We also want to enable them to validate their contribution to the quality of published content through their reviewer activities.’


To learn more about how Clarivate Analytics is maximizing the free availability of new research findings and other scholarly output, please follow this link to download our white paper on ‘Opening the way to Open Access’.


If you wish to read the full articles, you will see what is in store for the future of open access discovery and links to other sources of valuable information on open access – Easing the Path to Access OA Content for Researchers – Part 1‘ and ‘That was then but this is now… #OAWeek – Part 2′

Happy International Open Access Week!

Week of Free OA Resources from Scholastica

Amid the daily hubbub, we don’t always get the opportunity to have deep discussions about all of the information swirling around concerning the present and future state of OA. OA Week is a time to come together to do so, and this year’s theme, “open in order to…” is a great place to start.

In celebration of OA Week, and to help facilitate discussions surrounding OA, Scholastica has put together a list of our top 7 OA Resources. Throughout the week, we’re sharing an OA resource of the day via social media as well as resources others are talking about. 

We’re thrilled to be a part of this OA Week and the greater OA movement and hope these resources will serve as tools and conversation starters that will extend beyond this week to aid you in current and future OA endeavors.

You can access the full Week of OA Resources here.  

Open in order to… drive positive change

Hello everyone,

By way of an introduction my name’s Aimee Nixon, and I’m Head of Open Access publishing at Emerald Publishing. I’m currently leading a programme that focused on how open access work for our communities and can help to inform and drive change.

Why are we doing this?
At a UN Summit in September 2015, the UN launched the 17 sustainable development goals of the 2030 Agenda for sustainable development (www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment). These goals – which were developed to mobilize efforts to ‘end all forms of poverty, fight inequalities and tackle climate change[1]’ – call for action by all countries, irrespective of income status, to promote prosperity while also protecting the planet.

Academic research plays a fundamental role in informing and driving change. Across our journals and book programmes, we publish a wealth of research that supports the themes outlined in the sustainable development goals, focussing on areas such as decent work and economic growth, industry innovation and infrastructure, sustainable cities and communities and climate action – all key themes aligned with the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). As publishers, we’re passionate about disseminating research that can be applied in practice, and publishing outcome-focused research remains a key part of our identity.

What are some of the benefits of open access to academic communities?
Aside from the benefits as outlined in the UN’s SDGs and the potential to improve the world around us and make it a better-managed place to live in, open access also offers academics choice in terms of routes to publish and the ability to publish quickly. And, perhaps even more importantly, the ability to disseminate their research far-and-wide to audiences that academic research can find it difficult to reach; and, with that being the case, the ability to make an impact in the real world.

How can open support change?
In keeping with the UN’s desire that the goals be universal, inclusive and indivisible, we understand the importance of insuring that research output in these vital areas reaches a truly globally audience. Of course, maximizing the visibility and dissemination of all of the research we publish remains our ultimate goal; but, in areas of such vital public interest, it’s paramount that we’re able to place that research into the hands of policymakers and practitioners who are able to implement change and ultimately improve lives.

What are we doing?
As part of Emerald Reach, our new open access programme, over the next 12 months we will publish 12 supplements in line with the Sustainable Development Goals themes. We’re delighted to be publishing these supplements as open access, ensuring that the articles are freely available to access and reuse from anywhere in the world. All costs typically associated with making the issues open access will be covered by Emerald, with no cost to our authors.
And, look out for more developments in the coming months… watch this space!

Open Access supplements: supporting the UN Sustainable Development Goals
As part of our commitment to extend impact within and beyond academia, we are publishing a number of special, open access issues in support of the UN Sustainable Development Goals.

These include:

An International Journal of Climate Change Strategies and Management special issue on: ‘Managing organizations for climate change mitigation and adaptation: moving the agenda forward’.

In regards to the Decent Work and Economic Growth SDGs, an International Journal of Sociology and Social Policy special issue on: ‘Integrating Perspectives in the Informal Economy’, and an Employee Relations special issue on: ‘Low Pay and the Living Wage’.

Read these and find out more by visiting:

Some questions for you to consider
Open Access continues to be a hotly debated and divisive topic that has both its fair share of evangelists, sceptics and people with a foot in either camp – and, of course, a lot of people in the middle.

How would you like to see open access develop in the coming years? And what challenges do you think lie in its way?
We’d love to hear from you on any of these topics, or in terms of feedback on our new open access programme, which launched in September 2017.

Aimee Nixon – Head of Open Access, Emerald Publishing

1. www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/

Day 5: USGS Publications Warehouse and OPEN ACCESS

USGS Publications Warehouse is an online citation index for USGS-authored publications managed by the USGS Library that serves as the authoritative source for information and access to USGS publications. This includes official publications such as USGS-authored journal articles, series reports, book chapters, other government publications, and conference proceedings.

Each publication has its own descriptive citation page that is dynamically generated based on information stored in a database. The Publications Warehouse cataloging team builds and maintains records based on data derived from a variety of sources, including the USGS Information Product Data System (IPDS), USGS Science Publishing Network pages and announcements and other bibliographic databases.

The Publications Warehouse site is built in such a way to allow easy indexing by web search crawlers, and provides both basic and advanced search capabilities. The site also provides a number of different Web services, including a customizable RSS feed and a MODs XML service.  Many of these services are helpful to outside developers, and can be used as an alternate way to access the data available in Pubs Warehouse. In support of the USGS Public Access Plan, Publications Warehouse also provides information about the embargo dates for publications that will become freely available 12 months after publication beginning October 1, 2016.

Here’s a list of other USGS and external systems that include Pubs Warehouse:

  • IPDS
  • CrossRef
  • FundRef (extramural publications)
  • ScienceBase
  • Science Data Catalog
  • DataCite
  • Updated / WRET USGS “Publications” content (usgs.gov)
  • GoogleScholar
  • Science.Gov

An Anthropocene Primer Launches as an Open Access, Open Peer Review Publication (October 2017)


An Anthropocene Primer, Version 1.0

Jason M. Kelly and Fiona P. McDonald (eds.)


The IUPUI Arts & Humanities Institute and the Rivers of the Anthropocene project is proud to announce the official launch of An Anthropocene Primer, Version 1.0. An Anthropocene Primer is an innovative open access, open peer review publication that guides learners through the complex concepts and debates related to the Anthropocene, including climate change, pollution, and environmental justice. 

This born-digital publication (www.anthropoceneprimer.org) is a critical and timely resource for learners across multiple fields from academia, to industry, to philanthropy to learn about issues and topics relating to the Anthropocene, a framework for understanding environmental change that highlights human impact on earth systems. 

An Anthropocene Primer was created to provide learners in museums, schools, non-profits, and formal research institutions with an entry point into some of the big concepts and debates that dominate discussions about the Anthropocene. The primer is not intended to be comprehensive (this is, after all, An Anthropocene Primer, not The Anthropocene Primer), nor is it intended to be didactic. The primer is a framework to guide individual and collaborative learning from the beginner to advanced levels. 

Version 1.0 of An Anthropocene Primer is available for open peer review from October 23, 2017 through February 1, 2018. Open peer review allows users to contribute to and engage with fellow readers and the authors as the editors develop it for a final print and open access ebook version. A video tutorial on how to participate in open peer review is available at www.anthropoceneprimer.org/index.php/videotutorials/.

Edited by Jason M. Kelly and Fiona P. McDonald, An Anthropocene Primer emerged from the “Anthropology of the Anthropocene” workshop (www.anthropologyoftheanthropocene.org) hosted by the IUPUI Arts and Humanities Institute in May 2017. The participants from this workshop make up list of authors: Jason M. Kelly (IUPUI, USA), Fiona P. McDonald (IUPUI, USA), Alejandro Camargo (University of Montreal, Canada), Amelia Moore (University of Rhode Island, USA), Mark Kesling (The daVinci Pursuit, USA), Ananya Ghoshal (Forum on Contemporary Theory, India), George Marcus (University of California, Irvine, USA), Paul Stoller (West Chester University, USA), Dominic Boyer (Rice University, USA), Serenella Iovino (University of Turin, Italy), Rebecca Ballestra (Artist, Monaco/… Eduardo S. Brondizio (IU, Bloomington), Jim Enote (A:shiwiw A:wan Museum and Heritage Center, Zuni, USA), Ignatius Gutsa (University of Zimbabwe, Zimbabwe), Cymene Howe (Rice University, USA), Sue Jackson (Griffith University, Australia), Phil Scarpino (IUPUI, USA). This workshop was funded by the Wenner-Gren Foundation and the Indiana University New Frontiers in the Arts and Humanities grant program.


Jason M. Kelly and Fiona P. McDonald (eds.)
An Anthropocene Primer

Jason M. Kelly PHD FSA
Director, IUPUI Arts & Humanities Institute
Associate Professor of History in the IU School of Liberal Arts at IUPUI
jaskelly@iupui.edu | @jason_m_kelly

Fiona P. McDonald PHD
Postdoctoral Researcher (Anthropology), IUPUI Arts & Humanities Institute
fpmcdona@iupui.edu | @fionapmcdonald

IUPUI Arts & Humanities Institute
755 W. Michigan Ave., UL 4115S
Indianapolis, IN 46202-5140
telephone: 317.274.1689

Day 4: USGS Tools for Achieving Open Access

This year’s theme for International Open Access Week is “Open in order to: _________,” which is “a prompt to move beyond talking about openness in itself and focus on what openness enables.” The USGS Science Data Management Branch (in the Core Science Systems Mission Area) offers three publicly accessible tools that support the USGS’s open access effort: Metadata Wizard, ScienceBase, and USGS Science Data Catalog.

Metadata Wizard—open in order to enhance understandability and reusability of scientific datasets through high-quality metadata.

The Metadata Wizard is a desktop resource to help ArcGIS Desktop users create and edit metadata compliant with the Federal Geographic Data Committee’s ‘Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata’ (FGDC-CSDGM). Metadata information is extracted directly from the input data set where possible; through automated methods, the tool will supplement the spatial domain information and certain components of the spatial data organization, spatial reference, and entity/attribute sections of the metadata record. Users are also presented with several jargon-free interfaces to collect other informational elements, with the goal of making metadata creation simple and efficient. The Metadata Wizard is freely available; however, the tool supports the import of thesaurus values and contact personnel for USGS users, as well as XML template use, auto-population of tabular and spatial information, and direct integration with the USGS Metadata Parser (MP).

ScienceBase—open in order to promote transparency and reproducibility of USGS research.

ScienceBase is a robust science data platform developed and maintained by the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to provide shared, permission-controlled access to scientific data products and Bureau resources. ScienceBase is designed to add value to digital data by exposing well-organized, documented datasets and scientific information over the web. Content within ScienceBase Catalog is stored in a standardized model with consistent informational facets (e.g., title, abstract, keywords, etc.) and is accessible through both a web browser and an application programming interface (API). This enables powerful querying capabilities and makes it possible to integrate content into dynamic collections and connect ScienceBase-hosted data to external applications and workflows. ScienceBase is a Trusted Digital Repository for the Bureau, and has an established process for formal release of USGS funded science data.

USGS Science Data Catalog—open in order to provide a single point of discovery for publicly released USGS data.

The USGS Science Data Catalog (SDC) is a single point of discovery for publicly released USGS data collected at national, regional, or local scales. USGS provides reliable scientific data and information to describe and understand the Earth; minimize loss of life and property from natural disasters; manage water, biological, energy, and mineral resources; and enhance and protect our quality of life. The SDC offers catalog search, browse, and map-based discovery of USGS data, as well as online access to both the final data and original metadata describing purpose, scope, structure, and provenance. The SDC also publishes content to downstream federal catalogs, including the Interior and data.gov catalogs.


First open-access data from large collider confirm subatomic particle patterns:


 How Open Access Empowered a 16-year old to Make Cancer Breakthrough: 


 The amount of people trying to see Stephen Hawking’s thesis crashed Cambridge University’s website:

For the first time ever, influential British scientist Stephen Hawking’s doctoral thesis is available to the public — if you can get the web page to load…


Join ACRL for a free webcast to kick-off Open Access Week.
The webcast, “What We Talk About When We Talk About Open Access” will be held Wednesday, October 25, from 12:00 – 1:00 p.m. CST.  Free registration is now available.


  • Define open access in your own words in order to explain it effectively to audiences.
  • Understand rationales for and against open access in order to communicate the value of openness to stakeholders.
  • Become aware of examples of open access lessons and activities that can be adapted for your presentations and classes.

Frequencies: open access podcast series from the UBC Okanagan Library

The University of British Columbia, Okanagan (UBC-O) Library is proud to announce Frequencies, a new open access podcast series featuring UBC researchers, hosted and produced by the Library.

Every season of Frequencies revolves around an emerging topic or current event, with each episode tackling the issue from a different perspective. Most episodes run approximately 20 minutes, and you can listen to them directly in your browser or by downloading and playing them from your favourite podcasting app.

Season One launched in September to coincide with Science Literacy Week, discussing issues like the rise in medicinal psychoactive drug usage, making science accessible through fiction, and the science of soundscapes. Season Two, launched this week as part of our celebrations for Open Access Week, considers the role of universities in the open access movement and knowledge sharing between the academy and indigenous groups.

 We hope that these podcasts will help share the expertise of UBC researchers with the rest of the world and start meaningful conversations about the important issues facing us. Please dive into Frequencies and let us know what you discover!