Open Academic Search

“Open Academic Search (OAS) is a working group aiming to advance scientific research and discovery, promote technology that assists the scientific and academic communities, and make research available worldwide for the good of all humanity….Our core principles: [1] Collaboration drives innovation in academic search. [2] AI plays a unique role in surfacing and analyzing information in millions of research papers and academic journals. [3] Our core mission is advancing the pace of research and aiding breakthroughs in critical research areas….”

RSA: Eric Schmidt shares deep learning on AI

[In the area of AI [Schmidt] wants to see the industry push to make sure research stays out in the open and not controlled by military labs. Addressing the hall packed with security professionals, Schmidt made the case for open research, noting that historically companies never want to share anything about their research. “We’ve taken opposite view to build a large ecosystem that is completely transparent because it will get fixed faster,” he said. “Maybe there are some weaknesses, but I would rather do it that way because there are thousands of you who will help plug it….”

Using PageRank to assess scientific importance | Ars Technica

“Researchers have turned to network theory to better model and understand scientific importance. A number of interesting node-based models describe papers as an interconnected web of citations, including some that rank the relative impact of journals. To a simple approximation, most of these models combine the number of links to a particular paper (the number of citations), the number of links to the citing papers, and the interconnectedness of that network with other networks of papers. It occurred to researchers at Brookhaven National Lab (BNL) and Boston University (BU) that an additional and extremely effective network analysis tool already exists: Google’s PageRank….”

How well does Google index Harvard’s open-access repository?

“More than half the visitors to DASH, Harvard’s open-access repository, are referred by Google or Google Scholar….[After a systematic study, we found that] 99.5% of DASH works are indexed by either Google or Google Scholar, and 93.2% are indexed by both. When the study turned up works not appearing in either Google or Google Scholar, we identified the problems and fixed them. “I’m very happy with the study,” says OSC Director Peter Suber. “…[S]cholars around the world can find Harvard research in DASH even if they don’t know that DASH exists, don’t know where it’s located, don’t know what it contains, and don’t visit to run local searches.”  …”

Brief of Digital Humanities and Law Scholars as Amici Curiae in Support of Defendant-Appellees and Affirmance, (The Authors Guild, Inc., et al., v. Google, Inc., et al.) (Second Circuit) by Matthew L. Jockers, Matthew Sag, Jason Schultz :: SSRN

Abstract:  The Brief of Digital Humanities and Legal Scholars as Amici in Authors Guild v. Google was signed by over 150 researchers, scholars and educators who believe that Copyright law is not, and should not be, an obstacle to the computational analysis of text. 

Copyright law has long recognized the distinction between protecting an author’s original expression and the public’s right to access the facts and ideas contained within that expression. We argue that this distinction should be maintained in the digital age so that library digitization, internet search and related non-expressive uses of written works remain legal.

How well does Google index Harvard’s open-access repository?

“The results are reassuring. If the samples are representative, then 99.5% of DASH works are indexed by either Google or Google Scholar, and 93.2% are indexed by both. When the study turned up works not appearing in either Google or Google Scholar, we identified the problems and fixed them….”

The British Museum: A Museum for the World | British Museum blog

“The British Museum was founded in 1753 by an act of Parliament and is the embodiment of Enlightenment idealism. In a revolutionary move, it was from its inception designed to be the collection of every citizen of the world, not a royal possession and not controlled by the state. Over the succeeding 260 plus years it has gathered and exhibited things from all over the globe – antiquities, coins, sculptures, drawings – and made them freely available to anyone who was able to come and see them. Millions have visited and learned, and have been inspired by what they saw. Today the Museum is probably the most comprehensive survey of the material culture of humanity in existence. The world today has changed; the way we access information has been revolutionised by digital technology. We live in a world where sharing knowledge has become easier, we can do extraordinary things with technology which enables us to give the Enlightenment ideal on which the Museum was founded a new reality. It is now possible to make our collection accessible, explorable and enjoyable not just for those who physically visit, but to everybody with a computer or a mobile device. Our partnership with Google allows us to further our own – extraordinary – mission: to be a Museum of and for the World, making the knowledge and culture of the whole of humanity open and available to all.  But this isn’t just about putting the collection ‘online’. Through our partnership with Google, we hope to give people new ways to experience and enjoy the Museum, new ways to learn, new ways to share and new ways to teach. Thousands of objects from the Museum’s collection will be available to view through the Google Cultural Institute site and through a special microsite ‘The Museum of the World’ which will allow users to explore and make connections between the world’s cultures. One of the Museum’s most important Chinese scrolls, the 6th-century Admonitions Scroll has been captured in super high-resolution to give you a closer and more intimate view than could be achieved with the naked eye. We’ve captured the whole Museum via Street View, meaning that if you can’t get to the Museum in person, you can do a virtual walking tour of every permanent gallery, and all its outdoor buildings. And virtual exhibits allow you to see Celtic objects from across UK museums brought together in a unique tour, or a thematic exhibition detailing Egypt’s history after the pharaohs. None of this is to deny the power of seeing an object in the flesh in a gallery, nothing will replace that experience, but it does allow a far greater public access to the Museum and its unparalleled collection …”

“New & Innovative Ways to Fundraise”: An Interview with Autism Speaks | Coin Cafe Blog

“We have a big project right now that we call our MSSNG Project. It’s focused on discovering the future in autism through what we call “open science”. We’re partnering with Google, as well as the SickKids Hospital in Toronto, to hold genome sequencing for over ten thousand individuals, both individuals with autism and family members without autism. We hope to understand what is going on from a genetic level, so that we can understand the various forms of autism better, as well as develop personalized treatments. We couldn’t be doing a project like this without the support of Google. They will actually host all of this genetic information on the Google Cloud, and any qualified researcher anywhere in the world will have access to this database. With other databases like this, one research institution holds it, and researchers can’t really get to that information if they’re in another part of the country or not affiliated with that institution. Our database is open science – anybody, through the power of Google Cloud, will be able to access this database. We hope to get the best and brightest minds working on autism, helping us find more of the causes and potential treatments….”

[Google phasing out Freebase, supporting Wikidata]

“When we publicly launched Freebase back in 2007, we thought of it as a “Wikipedia for structured data.” So it shouldn’t be surprising that we’ve been closely watching the Wikimedia Foundation’s project Wikidata[1] since it launched about two years ago. We believe strongly in a robust community-driven effort to collect and curate structured knowledge about the world, but we now think we can serve that goal best by supporting Wikidata — they’re growing fast, have an active community, and are better-suited to lead an open collaborative knowledge base. So we’ve decided to help transfer the data in Freebase to Wikidata, and in mid-2015 we’ll wind down the Freebase service as a standalone project. Freebase has also supported developer access to the data, so before we retire it, we’ll launch a new API for entity search powered by Google’s Knowledge Graph….”