“If there’s a subtext to this year’s meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, the largest gathering of scientists of the year, it’s anxiety for the future. John Holdren, the top science adviser to President Barack Obama who spoke Friday at the conference, summed it up like this: “I’m worried — based on early indications — that we can be in for a major shift in the culture around science and technology and its eminence in government. We appear to have a president now that resists facts that do not comport to his preferences. And that bodes ill on the Obama Administration’s emphases on scientific integrity, transparency, and public access.” …”
“This community resource for tracking, comparing, and understanding both current and future U.S. federal funder research data sharing policies is a joint project of SPARC & Johns Hopkins University Libraries. Click the icons below to select up to three agencies to view or compare. Click here to download the full data set….”
“Summary: Completion of department and agency public access plans means the public will have greater access to publications and data resulting from Federally-funded research.
Federal departments and agencies subject to the February 2013 OSTP Memorandum on Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research have completed their public access plans. The February 2013 Memorandum directed Federal departments and agencies with annual research and development expenditures of more than $100 million to develop plans for improving access to the scholarly publications and digital data that result from Federally-funded research.
In recent weeks, the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) completed their public access plans and posted them on their open government web pages. As a result, 22 Federal departments and agencies accounting for more than 99 percent of U.S. Federal R&D expenditures now have public access plans in place. A consolidated listing can be found here.”
“ACTION 4: Increase Access to High-Quality STEM Education and Drive Innovation for Education….Science, technology, and innovation can be leveraged to improve educational outcomes through new models of grant-making; open licensing of educational resources developed through Federal funding; investments in infrastructure and educational-technology R&D to support next-generation learning; redesign the high school experience to make it more engaging; and multi-sector collaborations to increase the adoption of learning technologies….ACTION 7: Maximize Economic and Social Return from Federal Government Data and the Results of Federally Funded R&D….The Obama Administration has leveraged open data and data science to inform and support Federal agencies and programs, including engaging data-innovation stakeholders to support agency missions. President Obama ordered the default state of Federal Government information resources to be open and machine readable, followed by an Open Data Policy issued by OMB….The Federal Government invests approximately $140 billion per year in R&D, which results in hundreds of thousands of peer-reviewed scholarly publications and growing volumes of digital research data every year. In February 2013, the Director of OSTP issued a memorandum directing all Federal departments and agencies with R&D expenditures of more than $100 million per year to develop plans for increasing access to the scholarly publications and digital data resulting from Federally funded research. More than 20 Federal agencies responsible for more than 99 percent of Federal R&D have completed and are implementing their public-access plans….”
“In February 2013, the United States White House Office of Science and Technology Policy (OSTP) released a Memorandum titled “Increasing Access to the Results of Federally Funded Scientific Research.” The Los Alamos National Laboratory Public Access policy brings the Laboratory into compliance with the OSTP Memorandum and enables lab authors to make readily accessible to the public all unrestricted scholarly publications resulting from research conducted by Laboratory workers.
Under the policy, scholarly articles will be deposited in the Los Alamos National Laboratory Los Alamos Research Online (LARO) repository, an open access platform developed and maintained by the Research Library. The author’s final peer-reviewed manuscript (i.e. the version which includes any changes made during the peer-review process, but does not include the publisher’s copyediting or formatting) will be used in most cases for deposit into LARO. Publications in LARO are openly and freely available to the public.
Through this policy, Los Alamos National Laboratory is exercising the U.S. Federal government royalty-free, irrevocable, nonexclusive license to publish and distribute copyrighted works developed under a contract or a financial assistance agreement with U.S. Federal government agencies, and to permit others to do so by or on behalf of the government.
The lab’s Public Access Policy applies to scholarly publications resulting from all unclassified research at the lab and is consistent with the DOE Public Access Plan and plans of other US Federal agencies and various other funding organizations….”
“Almost four years after the Obama administration ordered federal agencies to make plans for requiring the public sharing of articles and data from government-sponsored research, the agencies’ policies are almost complete and ready to be put in place.
“A lot of questions have to be answered.” But the Association of American Universities, which represents the nation’s premiere research institutions, is concerned that those policies aren’t sufficiently synchronized. And if they aren’t better aligned before they go into effect, the AAU contends, researchers will face an array of differing expectations and formats for recording, storing, and reporting their data.
In that sense, the election of Mr. Trump, with his generally skeptical approach to regulations, is “probably a positive,” said Tobin L. Smith, vice president for policy at the AAU, since a potential Clinton administration probably would have moved much faster in imposing the agency-by-agency data-sharing plans developed in the Obama administration.
It’s “not that we don’t want to move in the direction to ensure open data access,” Mr. Smith said. “But a lot of questions have to be answered.”
Others involved in university research community who are more directly tied to the open-access movement said they don’t disagree with the bottom line of the AAU’s analysis but would prefer to keep pushing ahead with putting those policies in place….”