“Open science is an approach to scientific research based on collaboration, on openness and transparency at each stage of the research process (including, data collection, peer review, dissemination, evaluation, etc.) and on the enhancement of its accessibility to society. Open science represents a radical transformation of the way in which scientific research is conducted and of its system of evaluation, in short, open science constitutes a genuine paradigmatic shift with respect to the prevailing system (Anglada & Abadal, 2018).
At the beginning of the 2000s, initiatives were first undertaken taken in relation to such practices as open access, open educational resources (OER), open data (both administrative – open government data – and research – scientific data), open peer review, citizen science and new metrics, in addition to other practices that showed a specific awareness of openness in such areas as publication, data collection and the review process. However, each of these elements has tended to follow its own path of implementation and evolution, largely in isolation of the other elements. For this reason, the concept of open science seeks to take this general movement one step further and to broaden the perspective on how research works by integrating all these elements in a global and strategic vision of how we can face the challenges posed by science.
The European Commission has, unquestionably, taken the lead in promoting this new model and in placing it firmly on the global agenda with the publication, in the first place of, the concept paper “Digital Science in Horizon 2020” (2013), followed most notably by its recommendations on access to and preservation of scientific information (European Commission, 2018) and the creation of its open science portal (European Commission, 2019) which brings together in one site news, events and documents related to open science.
Academics and practitioners, therefore, are encouraged to send original research papers for publication in the next issue of Hipertext.net ….”