Abstract: Closed and proprietary infrastructures limit the accessibility of research, often putting paywalls in front of scientific knowledge. But they also severely limit reuse, preventing other tools from building on top of their software, data, and content. Using the example of Google Scholar, I will show how these characteristics of closed infrastructures impede innovation in the research workflow and create lock-in effects. I will also demonstrate how open infrastructures can help us move beyond this issue and create an ecosystem that is community-driven and community-owned. In this ecosystem, innovation thrives, as entry barriers are removed and systems can make use of each other’s components. Specific consideration will be given to open source services and non-profit frontends, as they are often overlooked by funders, but represent the way researchers engage with open science.
“We’re a proud non-profit organisation building open source technology for journalism….
Our mission is to create the best open source tools for independent journalists and writers across the world, and have a real impact on the future of online media.
Today Ghost powers an incredible range of websites; from individual bloggers who are just getting started, to large teams of writers and editors at some of the largest organisations in the world. We’ve built a sustainable business around a free core application, funded by a premium platform as a service to run it on….
We set Ghost up as non-profit foundation so that it would always be true to its users, rather than shareholders or investors. Our legal constitution ensures that the company can never be bought or sold, and one hundred percent of our revenue is reinvested into the product and the community….”
“eLife, in collaboration with the Collaborative Knowledge Foundation (Coko), has launched the first release of Libero Reviewer, an open-source application that will support the organisation’s unique editorial process from submission to acceptance.
This first release takes the form of a wizard that guides an author through submitting their work for initial assessment by eLife’s board of Senior Editors and integrates with the journal’s existing peer-review software, eJournalPress (eJPress). It follows the same mobile-first mentality that was incorporated into the design of eLife’s publishing platform Libero Publisher, making it easier to navigate the system while on the move….”
“We require our grantees to contribute to open science in several ways, including:
- Depositing software code to an open repository such as GitHub;
- Submitting results to open-access preprint servers like bioRxiv upon submission to a peer-reviewed journal, if not earlier;
- Making experimental protocols openly accessible….”
These challenges helped us identify a new technology platform for developing and sharing protocols. Protocols.io is an open access resource that allows researchers to discover and share up-to-date science methods, similar to the way code can be shared on GitHub. …”
“The European Commission has identified the opportunity to save €10.2 billion per year by using FAIR data (Findable, Accessible, Interoperable, Reusable). As policies begin to emerge requiring FAIR data, it’s timely to consider the open infrastructure needed to make embed FAIRness into the research and research communication workflows and outputs.
Coko recently received a grant from the Sloan Foundation to build DataSeer, an web service that uses Natural Language Processing to identify and call out datasets associated with research articles. Datasets are often not explicitly identified, let alone made FAIR and accessible. The first step is knowing how many datasets were used in a body of work. DataSeer “reads” documents and finds mentions of dataset creation and use. Based on the context, DataSeer can offer recommendations to curate, deposit, add metadata too, or otherwise better handle datasets. DataSeer can fit into the workflows of researchers, publishers, aggregators, funders, and institutions….
Before FAIR compliance can be assessed, the full range of datasets associated with a research project must first be identified. There are often ‘hidden’ datasets mentioned in the text that are included among the ‘official’ outputs. DataSeer finds these mentions and help to authors to identify and share all of the datasets involved in their work. …”
“eLife is pleased to announce Michael (Mike) Eisen as its new Editor-in-Chief.
A world leader in advocacy for open science, Eisen, from University of California, Berkeley, and the Howard Hughes Medical Institute (HHMI), was chosen following a worldwide search and selection process. In addition to his scientific achievements as an HHMI Investigator and Professor of Molecular and Cell Biology, he has demonstrated outstanding leadership and commitment to reforming research comunication for the benefit of scientists and society….”
Abstract: In this paper, we analyse the current availability of open citations data in one particular dataset, namely COCI (the OpenCitations Index of Crossref open DOI-to-DOI citations; http://opencitations.net/index/coci) provided by OpenCitations. The results of these analyses show a persistent gap in the coverage of the currently available open citation data. In order to address this specific issue, we propose a strategy whereby the community (e.g. scholars and publishers) can directly involve themselves in crowdsourcing open citations, by uploading their citation data via the OpenCitations infrastructure into our new index, CROCI, the Crowdsourced Open Citations Index.
“CROCI, the Crowdsourced Open Citations Index, is a new OpenCitations Index containing citations deposited by individuals, identified by ORCiD identifiers, who have a legal right to publish them under a CC0 public domain waiver.
These citations are treated as first-class data entities, with accompanying properties including the citations timespan, modelled according to the data model described in the OpenCitations Indexes page. For a full explanation of how to provide citations to be ingested in CROCI, see our introductory blog post.
CROCI was first created and released on 3 March 2019….”