A slide presentation by Sarah de Rijcke.
“The European Commission’s scientific publishing service has launched a new venue for EU research grantees to publish free-to-read results.
The Open Research Europe platform promises beneficiaries an “easy, high quality peer-reviewed” system at “no cost to them”.
The twist: authors, not editors, choose what they wish to publish – without the delay involved in traditional science publishing, the commission says.
The platform, set up to speed the flow of scientific information generated from its seven-year, €85 billion Horizon Europe programme, will post original publications in all fields of science in advance of peer review. Only after the articles are on the platform will the “transparent, invited and open peer review” begin. The names of the reviewers will be open, as well as their reviews.
The London-based open science publisher F1000 Research will run the system, with the commission picking up the tab for article processing charges.
With this model, the commission is playing catch up with some early-adopters. In 2016, Wellcome Trust, the largest charitable funder of biomedical research in Europe, contracted F1000Research to manage its open access publishing platform, Wellcome Open Research. Since then, many other major funders and institutions, including the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, have contracted F1000 to set up similar platforms.
In a letter last week to Horizon grantees, the commission’s research and innovation director-general Jean-Eric Paquet says, “Your involvement is key to making this initiative a success.” The formal launch of the platform will be early 2021, but submissions will start in a few weeks, the commission said.
Reaction to the new site is mixed, with some researchers highlighting the flaws of the open review method….”
“Zenodo code is itself open source, and is built on the foundation of the Invenio digital library which is also open source. The work-in-progress, open issues, and roadmap are shared openly in GitHub, and contributions to any aspect are welcomed from anyone.
All meta data is openly available under CC0 licence, and all open content is openly accessible through open APIs.
Open to all suggestions for new features, via GitHub, and especially open to all contributions of code via pull requests!…”
“The SCOSS network recognizes the importance of the three infrastructure services for the global open access transformation and contributes to sustainable financing
The global network Sustainability Coalition for Open Science Services (SCOSS) has been supporting the expansion of an open science infrastructure since 2017 by recommending important non-commercial services for funding every year. The call is aimed at the Open Access / Open Science community with the recommendation that these projects be financially supported for three years.
In the current second funding cycle – which is about to end – SCOSS calls for support for three projects that are of particular importance for the expansion of the OA / OS infrastructure: DOAB / OAPEN, PKP and OpenCitations. We, the project open-access.network, support this call to promote the selected services. All three make an important contribution to the implementation of the global Open Access transformation and sustainably promote the opening of science.
Directory of Open Access Books (DOAB) and Open Access Publishing in European Networks (OAPEN)
DOAB and OAPEN are closely linked: The DOAB increases the visibility and findability of peer-reviewed open access books. It collects metadata and links that can be integrated into their systems by both libraries and commercial aggregators. The OAPEN library, on the other hand, is a repository for freely accessible scientific books. The project works with publishers and research sponsors to set up and offers various services for libraries, publishers and sponsors.
Public Knowledge Project (PKP)
The PKP improves the quality and reach of scientific publishing by developing, among other things, open source software such as Open Journal System (OJS) for the management and publication of open access journals. The software is used by more than 9,000 magazines. For example, the Open Monograph Press (OMP) platform for books was developed in line with this tool .
The OpenCitations project is dedicated to the publication of open bibliographical data and citation data using technologies of the Semantic Web (Linked Data) and is a founding member of the Initiative for Open Citation (I4OC) ….”
“INFRASTRUCTURE: Sectors and societies must invest in and protect the data infrastructure they rely on. Open data is the foundation of this emerging vital infrastructure.
CAPABILITY: Everyone must have the opportunity to understand how data can be and is being used. We need data literacy for all, data science skills, and experience using data to help solve problems.
INNOVATION: Data must inspire and fuel innovation. It can enable businesses, startups, governments, individuals and communities to create products and services, fuelling economic growth and productivity.
EQUITY: Everyone must benefit fairly from data. Access to data and information promotes fair competition and informed markets, and empowers people as consumers, creators and citizens.
ETHICS: People and organisations must use data ethically. The choices made about what data is collected and how it is used should not be unjust, discriminatory or deceptive.
ENGAGEMENT: Everyone must be able to take part in making data work for us all. Organisations and communities should collaborate on how data is used and accessed to help solve their problems.”
“Big bibliographic datasets hold promise for revolutionizing the scientific enterprise when combined with state-of-the-science computational capabilities. Yet, hosting proprietary and open big bibliographic datasets poses significant difficulties for libraries, both large and small. Libraries face significant barriers to hosting such assets, including cost and expertise, which has limited their ability to provide stewardship for big datasets, and thus has hampered researchers’ access to them. What is needed is a solution to address the libraries’ and researchers’ joint needs. This article outlines the theoretical framework that underpins the Collaborative Archive and Data Research Environment project. We recommend a shared cloud-based infrastructure to address this need built on five pillars: 1) Community–a community of libraries and industry partners who support and maintain the platform and a community of researchers who use it; 2) Access–the sharing platform should be accessible and affordable to both proprietary data customers and the general public; 3) Data-Centric–the platform is optimized for efficient and high-quality bibliographic data services, satisfying diverse data needs; 4) Reproducibility–the platform should be designed to foster and encourage reproducible research; 5) Empowerment—the platform should empower researchers to perform big data analytics on the hosted datasets. In this article, we describe the many facets of the problem faced by American academic libraries and researchers wanting to work with big datasets. We propose a practical solution based on the five pillars: The Collaborative Archive and Data Research Environment. Finally, we address potential barriers to implementing this solution and strategies for overcoming them.”
“We are pleased to announce that the Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR) and TCC Africa in collaboration with AfricArXiv have signed a partnership agreement focused on strengthening capacity and infrastructure for Open Science in Africa. …
The aim of the partnership is to work together to foster the concept of bibliodiversity through information sharing, capacity building, and advocacy work, as well as enable AfricArXiv to engage with international peers in Africa and globally about best practices and next generation repository functionalities….”
“Microsoft Research NYC is looking for an advanced PhD student to conduct an original research project on a topic under the rubric of “(dis)trust in public-sector data infrastructures.” MSR internships provide PhD students with an opportunity to work on an independent research project that advances their intellectual development while collaborating with a multi-disciplinary group of scholars. Interns typically relish the networks that they build through this program. This internship will be mentored by danah boyd; the intern will be part of both the NYC lab’s cohort and a member of the Social Media Collective. Applicants for this internship should be interested in conducting original research related to how trust in public-sector data infrastructures is formed and/or destroyed….”
Abstract: This paper attempts to illustrate the implications of a simultaneous redirection of the big publishers’ business strategy towards open access business models and the acquisition of scholarly infrastructure utilizing the conceptual framework of rent-seeking theory. To document such a transformation, we utilized financial databases to analyze the mergers and acquisitions of the top publicly traded academic publishers. We then performed a service analysis to situate the acquisitions of publishers within the knowledge and education life-cycles, illustrating what we term to be their vertical integration within their respective expansion target life-cycles. The vertical integration is analyzed via a rent theory framework and described to be a form of rent-seeking complementary to the redirection of business strategies to open access. Finally, the vertical integration is noted to generate exclusionary effects upon researchers/institutions in the global south.