New study on the benefits of Open Data – European Data Portal

“The Bertelsmann foundation has published a new study on Open Data: Open Data – Wertschöpfung im digitalen Zeitalter (Open Data – Value creation in the digital age). Illustrated with examples from both Germany and other countries, the study emphasizes that freely accessible data brings many practical advantages to citizens, politics and the economy and could even increase social prosperity.”

Open Data in Scientific Settings: From Policy to Practice

Abstract:  Open access to data is commonly required by funding agencies, journals, and public policy, despite the lack of agreement on the concept of “open data.” We present findings from two longitudinal case studies of major scientific collaborations, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in astronomy and the Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations in deep subseafloor biosphere studies. These sites offer comparisons in rationales and policy interpretations of open data, which are shaped by their differing scientific objectives. While policy rationales and implementations shape infrastructures for scientific data, these rationales also are shaped by pre-existing infrastructure. Meanings of the term “open data” are contingent on project objectives and on the infrastructures to which they have access. 

Open Data in Scientific Settings: From Policy to Practice

Abstract:  Open access to data is commonly required by funding agencies, journals, and public policy, despite the lack of agreement on the concept of “open data.” We present findings from two longitudinal case studies of major scientific collaborations, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey in astronomy and the Center for Dark Energy Biosphere Investigations in deep subseafloor biosphere studies. These sites offer comparisons in rationales and policy interpretations of open data, which are shaped by their differing scientific objectives. While policy rationales and implementations shape infrastructures for scientific data, these rationales also are shaped by pre-existing infrastructure. Meanings of the term “open data” are contingent on project objectives and on the infrastructures to which they have access. 

Exploring the opportunities and challenges of implementing open research strategies within development institutions

“Open research data is free to use, modify, and share for any purpose by anyone. The significance of primary data gathered in research projects across domains is its high potential for not only academic re-use, but its value beyond academic purposes, particularly for governments, the private sector, and civil society.

More importantly, the availability of this data provides an ideal opportunity to test the key premise underlying open research data – that when it is made publicly accessible in easily reusable formats, it can foster new knowledge and discovery, and encourage collaboration among researchers and organizations.

Momentum towards open access has been growing as numerous funding agencies implement open access policies. However, research funding organizations need to be aware of and have an understanding of the opportunities and challenges of open research data policies. For example, realistic and cost-effective strategies for funded researchers to collect, manage, and store the various types of data resulting from their research are unclear. Furthermore, publishing open research data requires skillsets that researchers may have yet to develop. Finally, intellectual property rights and privacy are significant concerns that need to be addressed.

This project will develop a tested set of policy and best practice implementation guidelines by conducting open data pilot case studies….”