How expiring patents are ushering in the next generation of 3D printing | TechCrunch

“The year 2016 is quickly shaping up to be one of the hottest years on record for 3D printing innovations. Although there is still a lot of hype surrounding 3D printing and how it may or may not be the next industrial revolution, one thing is for certain: the cost of printing will continue to drop while the quality of 3D prints continues to rise.

This development can be traced to advanced 3D printing technologies becoming accessible due to the expiration of key patents on pre-existing industrial printing processes….”

More 3D Printing Patents Are Expiring Soon: Here’s a Roundup – 3D Printing Industry

“A few years ago, the expiration of many key 3D printing patents had the 3D printing community abuzz.  The 3D printing patents that expired in the 2013-15 timeframe are described here.  At that time, many articles challenged the conventional wisdom that intellectual property drives innovation by creating competition, since the existence of IP forces workarounds.  Those articles argue that patents prevented innovation in 3D printing because the fear of being sued led to a lack of investment in 3D printing R&D, and that patent litigation hindered the adoption of the technology.  The end result, some believe, is that IP creates barriers to entry for new market players, minimizes competition, and keeps prices artificially high.

 

The expiration of several key 3D printing patents in 2013, 2014, and 2015 was supposed to change the industry.  So what happened?  Did the expiration of those patents lead to market growth, reduction in prices, and new products?  Or were other forces, such as the technology itself, holding back new 3D printing technologies?  Are there other 3D printing patents that will expire soon that could have similar effects?  Although it is still too early to give definitive answers to these questions, this article describes developments in the 3D printing industry since the expiration of some of the so-called key patents and discusses 3D printing patents that have or will expire soon….”

Front-of-neck airway meets front-of-neck simulation: improving cricothyroidotomy skills using a novel open-access three-dimensional model and the Airway App | SpringerLink

The authors designed a 3D artificial trachea to help guide the hands of those performing an emergency cricothyrotomy. Excerpt: “We are pleased to provide our 3D-printable cricothyrotomy file as a free-of-charge download on our website (www.airwaycollaboration.org). We encourage readers to print their own 3D model. We also encourage readers, should they perform an emergency cricothyrotomy, to share their experiences anonymously on the Airway App5 (available free of charge from the Apple App Store or Googleplay) so others can learn from their experiences.”

Africa tackles biohacking for healthcare | Timbuktu Chronicles

“On May 23-24, 2017, the Association for the promotion of open science in Haiti and in Africa (Apsoha) and the Yaoundé Higher institute of medical technology (ISTM) with support from the international network Open Science Hardware (Gosh), organized in the Cameroonian capital the first seminar dedicated to biohacking and open hardware equipment in healthcare: ‘Biohacking in the medical field: perspectives for developing countries’. On the first day were presented the different advances, uses and applications of DIYbio in the medical field. The second day was dedicated to workshops where participants had to apply and contextualize acquired knowledge.”

The Price of On-Screen Reading Interfaces Versus Print Interfaces: Open Access Publishing | History and Future of the Book

“In conclusion, screen reading interfaces may contain an array of pros and cons, but the assumption that online information and publishing are always free is false. Internet access, electricity use and production, manufacturing of electronic devices, and the labor of writing and editing all come at a cost. Open access publishing is a solution created to solve this problem, which aimed to remove a portion of these costs from consumers and instead have the authors pay to become published. However, this model also contains many pros and cons, being very controversial in the publishing domain. Open access publishing may widen the audiences of articles, yet it can also lead to lower quality in articles and to legal issues. The future of open access publishing relies on authors themselves, because they make their own decision to publish their articles in open access, or to publish their article in an academic journal.”

UC Berkeley is working on AR that will help us talk to robots

“Open Ark comes from a fondness of Berkeley’s tradition of embracing open source projects, from all the back to Unix in the 1970s to more recent deep learning.

“What we want is a fully open research program,” [Allen] Yang says. “We give you the source code, we give the source code to other universities and we give the source code to companies.” Since corporations are some of the driving entities behind AR and VR [augmented and virtual reality] at the moment, Yang believes open source at the academic level is important to push the technology forward, and growing understanding….”

Technicians, Farmers Fight for ‘Right to Repair’

“A group of independent repair shops, mechanics and do-it-yourselfers who fix and resell used electronics, appliances, medical and farming equipment want to change that. They want to do so by requiring manufacturers to open access to the manuals, parts, tools, diagnostic equipment and permanent software that is almost exclusively available to their own employees and authorized dealers. The Repair Association has lobbied for “right to repair” bills in five states — Massachusetts, Minnesota, Nebraska, New York and South Dakota. None have passed.The bills are modeled on a 2013 Massachusetts law that requires automakers to give the same information and parts to independent auto repair shops as to their licensed dealers. In 2014, automakers agreed to apply the law’s provisions across the country….”

Results Held Hostage: Hardware Design Software Licenses Holding Back Open Science : OpenAIRE blog

“Open Science isn’t just about Open Access to publications amongst academics, but also about opening access to research data and designs in both academia and industry. Similar trends towards sharing can be observed in the maker community or in the electronics market, where open design is boosted by low-cost electronics, 3D printers, and laser cutters that everybody can afford and use to reproduce anything from simple objects to complex installations. It seems natural, then, that researchers should want to publish their mechatronic designs, such as experimental setups, as part of their open source research data. Considering that we are speaking about the researchers’ own intellectual property (IP), this should be just a matter of putting the files on a web server with the right distribution license, but, unfortunately, it is not that simple. In many cases, the dissemination of computer-aided design (CAD) files used for mechanics or electronics is limited by the license of the CAD software used to create them. It may be hard to believe, but in the case of hardware design, researchers cannot freely disseminate their own IP. Their results are hence held hostage by the polices of software suppliers, and, in most cases, the only solution to secure free dissemination of the research results is to buy a commercial license which is much more expensive (sometimes by as much as 800 times) than the typical educational license universities are offered….”

Results Held Hostage: Hardware Design Software Licenses Holding Back Open Science : OpenAIRE blog

“Open Science isn’t just about Open Access to publications amongst academics, but also about opening access to research data and designs in both academia and industry. Similar trends towards sharing can be observed in the maker community or in the electronics market, where open design is boosted by low-cost electronics, 3D printers, and laser cutters that everybody can afford and use to reproduce anything from simple objects to complex installations. It seems natural, then, that researchers should want to publish their mechatronic designs, such as experimental setups, as part of their open source research data. Considering that we are speaking about the researchers’ own intellectual property (IP), this should be just a matter of putting the files on a web server with the right distribution license, but, unfortunately, it is not that simple. In many cases, the dissemination of computer-aided design (CAD) files used for mechanics or electronics is limited by the license of the CAD software used to create them. It may be hard to believe, but in the case of hardware design, researchers cannot freely disseminate their own IP. Their results are hence held hostage by the polices of software suppliers, and, in most cases, the only solution to secure free dissemination of the research results is to buy a commercial license which is much more expensive (sometimes by as much as 800 times) than the typical educational license universities are offered….”