Abstract: Academic libraries fail to take advantage of the network effect because they manage too many digital repositories locally. While this argument applies to all manner of digital repositories, this article examines the fragmented environment of institutional repositories, in which effort and costs are duplicated, numerous software platforms and versions are managed simultaneously, metadata are applied inconsistently, users are served poorly, and libraries are unable to take advantage of collective data about content and users. In the meantime, commercial IR vendors and academic social networks have shown much greater success with cloud-based models. Collectively, the library profession has enough funding to create a national-level IR, but it lacks the willingness to abandon local control.
“e-Infrastructures foster the emergence of Open Science, i.e. new working methods based on the shared use of ICT tools and resources across different disciplines and technology domains as well as sharing of results and an open way of working together. Furthermore, e-Infrastructures enable and support the circulation of knowledge in Europe online and therefore constitute an essential building block for the European Research Area (ERA).
The European Commission launched the “European Cloud Initiative – Building a competitive data and knowledge economy in Europe” to capitalise on the data revolution. Under this initiative, a European Data infrastructure will combine world-class supercomputing capability with high-speed connectivity and leading-edge data and sofware services for science, industry and the public sector. This will stimulate Open science and innovation by enabling researchers to access and re-use the huge amounts of scientific data.
The European Cloud initiative will fully unlock the value of big data and foster scientific and technological innovation while helping achieve the objectives of the Digital Single Market Strategy.
More information is available on the European Open Science Cloud webpage….”
“Trellis is an exciting, new, digital communication and collaboration platform from the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)….Enjoy collaborating online. Whatever your group sie, using Trellis’ cloud-based toolkit you can quickly create and save documents to the cloud, share projects and host online events….”
“Hyku and Invenio. Hyku is community-developed as a turnkey Samvera application and Invenio is developed by CERN. Both systems are modern, attractive and well-suited for both traditional and non-traditional content. Bring together your theses, articles, research data, and software under one high-quality repository….All repositories we host will be fully open source. We guarantee to transfer the entire installation to a host of your choice if you decide to switch platforms. …”
“CREDIT is a cloud-enabled SaaS tool for data management to provide an opportunity to authors to register their Additional Research Outputs(AROs) reflecting RAW, REPEAT & NULL/NEGATIVE entities generated at various stages of research workflow to ensure their reusability & gaining credit. Hence contributing towards enriching research articles & reproducible science. CREDIT framework & interface is developed on FAIR data principles….The appearance of these badges happens dynamically, hence creates a possibility that the metrics around the data, when readers engage with it would be fed back to the main published article in real-time (accessible via the badge – Enhancing Discoverability and also giving credits to Authors). And in the near-future we also have plans to roll out Badges that can be embedded in PDF articles….”
“The Open Science Policy Platform has adopted consensual reports on the European Open Science Cloud governance and on Open Access Publishing in Europe. The report on EOSC includes recommendations on governance and financial schemes, while the report on Open Science Publishing gives recommendations on how to implement open access publishing in Europe by 2020.”
“The EOSCpilot project will support the first phase in the development of the European Open Science Cloud (EOSC). It will:
- Propose and trial the governance framework for the EOSC and contribute to the development of European open science policy and best practice;
- Develop a number of demonstrators functioning as high-profile pilots that integrate services and infrastructures to show interoperability and its benefits in a number of scientific domains; and
- Engage with a broad range of stakeholders, crossing borders and communities, to build the trust and skills required for adoption of an open approach to scientific research.
These actions will build on and leverage already available resources and capabilities from research infrastructure and e-infrastructure organisations to maximise their use across the research community.
- Reduce fragmentation between data infrastructures by working across scientific and economic domains, countries and governance models, and
- Improve interoperability between data infrastructures by progressing and demonstrating how data and resources can be shared even when they are large and complex and in varied formats.
The EOSCpilot project will improve the ability to preserve and reuse data resources and provide an important step towards building a dependable open innovation environment where data from publicly funded research is always open and there are clear incentives and rewards for the sharing of data and resources….”
Facilitating access of researchers across all scientific disciplines to data
Establishing a governance and business model that sets the rules for the use of EOSC
Creating a cross-border and multi-disciplinary open innovation environment for research data, knowledge and services
Establishing global standards for interoperability for scientific data…”
“Over the past year, the Expert Group has reviewed available metrics, with special attention to altmetrics, and identified frameworks for responsible usage, in the context of the EC’s agenda for open science. This agenda is developing under five action lines: fostering and creating incentives for open science; removing barriers for open science; mainstreaming and further promoting open access policies; developing an open science cloud; and open science as a socio-economic driver.
A multi-stakeholder Open Science Policy Platform has been established, to advise on strategic direction and implementation.3 In May 2016, the EU Competitiveness Council issued a set of conclusions on the transition towards an open science system. It noted that the remit of the Open Science Policy Platform should include ‘adapting reward and evaluation systems, alternative models for open access publishing and management of research data (including archiving), altmetrics….and other aspects of open science.’4
This is the context in which the Expert Group on Altmetrics undertook its work, and will input findings to EC policymakers and to the Open Science Policy Platform.
This report builds on the expertise of the group members, complemented by desk-research and an extensive literature review. The group also issued a call for evidence in June 2016, to gather the views of stakeholders11. Respondents had one month to reply with brief submissions. They were asked to indicate whether they were making an individual or organisational response, and what role they occupied in the open science agenda. In total, twenty responses to the call for evidence were received, of which nineteen were valid answers. The list of respondents can be found in Appendix 1.
A summary of the results from the call for evidence was presented at the Science and Technology Indicators (STI) Conference in Valencia (September 15, 2016)12 and the 3AM Conference in Bucharest (September 29, 2016)13. Both occasions were used to receive more feedback. The audience at the STI Conference mainly consisted of researchers in scientometrics and bibliometrics, whereas attendees at the 3AM Conference mainly came from research institutes, altmetric providers, and libraries. Feedback was mostly anonymous via plenary contributions and a paperand-pencil-exercise during the 3AM Conference.”