Open Access Uptake in Germany 2010-18: Adoption in a diverse research landscape

Abstract:  This study investigates the development of open access (OA) to journal articles from authors affiliated with German universities and non-university research institutions in the period 2010-2018. Beyond determining the overall share of openly available articles, a systematic classification of distinct categories of OA publishing allows to identify different patterns of adoption to OA. Taking into account the particularities of the German research landscape, variations in terms of productivity, OA uptake and approaches to OA are examined at the meso-level and possible explanations are discussed. The development of the OA uptake is analysed for the different research sectors in Germany (universities, non-university research institutes of the Helmholtz Association, Fraunhofer Society, Max Planck Society, Leibniz Association, and government research agencies). Combining several data sources (incl. Web of Science, Unpaywall, an authority file of standardised German affiliation information, the ISSN-Gold-OA 3.0 list, and OpenDOAR), the study confirms the growth of the OA share mirroring the international trend reported in related studies. We found that 45% of all considered articles in the observed period were openly available at the time of analysis. Our findings show that subject-specific repositories are the most prevalent OA type. However, the percentages for publication in fully OA journals and OA via institutional repositories show similarly steep increases. Enabling data-driven decision-making regarding OA implementation in Germany at the institutional level, the results of this study furthermore can serve as a baseline to assess the impact recent transformative agreements with major publishers will likely have on scholarly communication. 

AI in Medicine, Covid-19 and Springer Nature’s Open Access Agreement

“Just at the right time, we are happy to announce Springer Nature’s Open Access Agreement (read more in the News section of the KI Journal): if you are a corresponding author affiliated with a German university or research institution, you are entitled to publish open access in our KI Journal with fees covered by the German DEAL agreement. This means everyone in the German AI research community can, from now on, publish open access in our KI Journal for free, with Scopus Index! …”

German universities report record number of clinical trial results

“German universities have uploaded the results of 76 clinical trials over the past six months. Universities have uploaded twice as many results over the past six months than during the preceding six years combined….”

A DEAL for open access: The negotiations between the German DEAL project and publishers have global implications for academic publishing beyond just Germany: EMBO reports: Vol 19, No 6

“Impatience over the slow progress has been particularly strong in Germany, where universities and funding institutions have been at the vanguard of the OA movement. It eventually led to the DEAL project (https://www.projekt-deal.de/about-deal/) set up in 2014 by the Alliance of Science Organisations in Germany and led by the country’s Rectors’ Conference (HRK). A key objective was to establish national licensing agreements for the entire electronic portfolio from the large academic publishers. In addition, DEAL aims to further advance OA; one of its goals is to make all publications from corresponding authors of eligible institutions in Germany open access immediately upon publication, that being the publish part of its strategy. By the same token, DEAL institutions should have full access to the complete e?journal portfolio of the publisher—the read part of DEAL. Equally important, DEAL wants to establish fair article?processing fees to cover publication costs.

DEAL began negotiating with Elsevier late in 2016, followed by Springer Nature and Wiley in 2017. Negotiations proceeded relatively smoothly with Springer Nature and Wiley, according to DEAL. Both publishers accepted that the journals market was undergoing radical transformation and agreed to continue existing agreements on an interim basis with prices frozen in order to allow negotiations to conclude. A new DEAL licence is now expected to start during 2018.

However, agreement has not been reached yet with Elsevier, the biggest of the three, whose offers have so far failed to match the project’s goals, according to DEAL. For example, Elsevier would only offer green open access—that is, self?archiving in an open repository—in accordance with its own rules, which would mean that scientists would not have open access to the final, published version of their papers. Above all, Elsevier wants to keep the publish and read components separate, whereas a non?negotiable red line for DEAL was to integrate them in a single model, because they are entwined and determine overall access rights and costs….

There is an important aspect of DEAL not explicitly stated, which is that, although focused on Germany, it is global in ambition and scope….”

Open Access publizieren dank DEAL-Vereinbarung | SpringerLink

From Google’s English:  “From the beginning of this year it will be even more worthwhile to publish your original works, overviews and casuistics in “The Pathologist”. In addition to the wide reach in the magazine’s subscriber base, which reaches a large number of pathologists in Germany, you have also been able to publish your freely submitted works on the DEAL Open Access project since the beginning of the year . In the following we would like to inform you about its general conditions.”

Project DEAL — Germany is leading the way in the transition to open access publishing – Mills – – Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics – Wiley Online Library

“Pioneers in the open access movement are gratified, and more than a little relieved, to see the world moving in our direction. Over the past several years, several consortiums of national research institutions and libraries, notably Sweden, the Netherlands, Norway, Hungary, and Germany, have initiated negotiations with the leading electronic journal publishing houses including Wiley, Springer, and Elsevier. This editorial focuses on one of the more successful initiatives, Project DEAL (Projekt DEAL), in Germany. The goal of this endeavor is to rewrite the nationwide agreements for licensing content in electronic journals. Under the terms of these negotiations, scientists in Germany would get immediate and full online access to most of the electronic content of a publisher’s journals. In exchange, the publication costs for the German authors would be subsidized, and all of their articles would be published immediately open access. This “publish and read” model makes all articles available to anyone with web access, and additionally, authors have access to all electronic journals of the publisher, including archives….”

Open Data Impact Award | Stifterverband

From Google’s English:  “Innovative ideas from open data and developed with the participation of science, business, administration and citizens – this is where the potential of a sustainable society lies. We find that excellent and worthy of distinction! The Stifterverband therefore awards the Open Data Impact Award as part of the innoSci program.

Application deadline: June 30, 2020.”

„Open access“ publizieren dank DEAL-Vereinbarung | SpringerLink

From Google’s English:  “Since the beginning of this year it has been even more worthwhile to publish your original work in the ENT . In addition to the wide reach in the magazine’s subscriber base, which covers the entire team of ear, nose and throat medicine, head and neck surgery, you have also been able to submit your freely submitted work on the DEAL “open access” project since the beginning of the year publish. Read on to find out more about the framework: …”

„Open access“ publizieren dank DEAL-Vereinbarung | SpringerLink

From Google’s English:  “Since the beginning of this year it has been even more worthwhile to publish your original work in the ENT . In addition to the wide reach in the magazine’s subscriber base, which covers the entire team of ear, nose and throat medicine, head and neck surgery, you have also been able to submit your freely submitted work on the DEAL “open access” project since the beginning of the year publish. Read on to find out more about the framework: …”

News – Leibniz-Centre General Linguistics (ZAS) joins OLH LPS model

“We are very pleased to announce that the Leibniz-Centre General Linguistics (ZAS) has joined the Open Library of Humanities’ Library Partnership Subsidy system. The Leibniz-Centre General Linguistics (ZAS) is a non-university research centre located in the federal state of Berlin. The research centre is dedicated to the description and explanation of the structure of natural language and the breadth of its variation. Within ZAS projects, research is conducted by experts from all major areas of linguistics: phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics and pragmatics, as well as creole studies and child language acquisition. Such a concentration of active research in all sub-disciplines of linguistics within one single research centre is unique in Germany and permits lively exchange on current research findings and methods. Since 2017, ZAS has been jointly funded by the federal and state governments as a member of the Leibniz-Association. The umbrella organisation of ZAS is the Berlin Center for Advanced Studies in the Humanities (Geisteswissenschaftliche Zentren Berlin e.V.). …”