[1910.10096] Formalizing Privacy Laws for License Generation and Data Repository Decision Automation

Abstract:  In this paper, we summarize work-in-progress on expert system support to automate some data deposit and release decisions within a data repository, and to generate custom license agreements for those data transfers. Our approach formalizes via a logic programming language the privacy-relevant aspects of laws, regulations, and best practices, supported by legal analysis documented in legal memoranda. This formalization enables automated reasoning about the conditions under which a repository can transfer data, through interrogation of users, and the application of formal rules to the facts obtained from users. The proposed system takes the specific conditions for a given data release and produces a custom data use agreement that accurately captures the relevant restrictions on data use. This enables appropriate decisions and accurate licenses, while removing the bottleneck of lawyer effort per data transfer. The operation of the system aims to be transparent, in the sense that administrators, lawyers, institutional review boards, and other interested parties can evaluate the legal reasoning and interpretation embodied in the formalization, and the specific rationale for a decision to accept or release a particular dataset.

 

The NERL Executive Board Approves Support for the MIT Framework for Publisher Contracts

“The Executive Board of the NERL Consortium (The Board) approved support for the MIT Framework for Publisher Contracts. At the forefront of this framework is the belief that authors should retain copyright with generous reuse rights and the ability to immediately place scholarly articles in institutional repositories.

The NERL Board strongly supports the open and equitable dissemination of scholarly research output and believes that this framework is a pivotal step in this direction….”

The NERL Executive Board Approves Support for the MIT Framework for Publisher Contracts

“The Executive Board of the NERL Consortium (The Board) approved support for the MIT Framework for Publisher Contracts. At the forefront of this framework is the belief that authors should retain copyright with generous reuse rights and the ability to immediately place scholarly articles in institutional repositories.

The NERL Board strongly supports the open and equitable dissemination of scholarly research output and believes that this framework is a pivotal step in this direction….”

MIT framework for negotiating with scholarly publishers gains wide support

“Who should own and control the dissemination of research? Not academic publishers, according to a new framework developed by library leaders at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

The framework, published this week, asserts that control of scholarship and the way in which it is distributed should reside with scholars and their institutions. The document contains six core principles that will be used by MIT as a starting point for future contract negotiations with academic publishers.

The principles aim to ensure that research is available openly and appropriately archived. They also call for fair and transparent pricing of publisher services and say that no author should be forced to give up a copyright in order to publish their work. Instead, authors should be provided with “generous reuse rights,” the framework says….”

MIT Framework for Publisher Contracts | Scholarly Publishing – MIT Libraries

“The core principles of an MIT Framework for publisher contracts are:

No author will be required to waive any institutional or funder open access policy to publish in any of the publisher’s journals.
No author will be required to relinquish copyright, but instead will be provided with options that enable publication while also providing authors with generous reuse rights.
Publishers will directly deposit scholarly articles in institutional repositories immediately upon publication or will provide tools/mechanisms that facilitate immediate deposit.
Publishers will provide computational access to subscribed content as a standard part of all contracts, with no restrictions on non-consumptive, computational analysis of the corpus of subscribed content.
Publishers will ensure the long-term digital preservation and accessibility of their content through participation in trusted digital archives.
Institutions will pay a fair and sustainable price to publishers for value-added services, based on transparent and cost-based pricing models….”

MIT announces framework to guide negotiations with publishers | MIT News

“The MIT Libraries, together with the MIT Committee on the Library System and the Ad Hoc Task Force on Open Access to MIT’s Research, announced that it has developed a principle-based framework to guide negotiations with scholarly publishers. The framework emerges directly from the core principles for open science and open scholarship articulated in the recommendations of the Task Force on Open Access to MIT’s Research, which released its final report to the MIT community on Oct. 18.

The framework affirms the overarching principle that control of scholarship and its dissemination should reside with scholars and their institutions. It aims to ensure that scholarly research outputs are openly and equitably available to the broadest possible audience, while also providing valued services to the MIT community….”

IOP Publishing supplies full-text content to Publications Router | Jisc scholarly communications

“IOP Publishing, the publishing arm of the Institute of Physics, has become the latest publisher to supply full-text articles to Jisc’s Publications Router for onward distribution to institutions’ open repositories. This helps the institutions capture and disseminate the articles their researchers have written, showcasing the results of their research programmes and helping them demonstrate compliance with funding bodies’ open access requirements….”

Springer Nature and ResearchGate announce agreement | Research Information

“Springer Nature is to collaborate with ResearchGate on what the two organisations are calling innovative access models for scientific content.

Under the agreement, full-text articles published in select Nature journals since November 2017 will be rolled out to researchers’ ResearchGate profiles, making it easier to read or download research on- or off-campus….”

Publications Router is now interoperable with DSpace repositories | Jisc scholarly communications

“We’re very pleased to announce that Jisc’s Publications Router service is now available to institutions whose repositories use the DSpace platform.

When first launched as a service in 2016, Publications Router was set up to populate Eprints-based repositories as this was the most commonly-used repository platform here in the UK. More than 30 institutions receive data from Router to their Eprints systems today, but we have been keen to expand our reach to allow those which use the DSpace platform to enjoy the benefits of Router too. Now we’re happy to say that time has come and we’ve added our first users whose repositories run on DSpace….

The Publications Router service helps institutions capture into their repositories not only rich and accurate metadata describing articles published by their researchers but also in many cases the full text of the articles themselves in the version that can be exposed on a repository. This means that, as well as being alerted to their research outputs, institutions avoid the need to track down and upload the full text of articles – in many cases they arrive automatically and seamlessly straight into their systems. Subject to their review procedures, it is then a simple step for institutions to expose the articles publicly on their repositories….”