WE ARE JIDC, The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries – An OA Journal with a Mentoring System!

WE ARE JIDC, The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries – Pleased to meet you!

We are JIDC, the Journal of Infection in Developing Countries.  We are an Open Access Journal and proud to be Open Access and participating in International Open Access Week.  Our non-for-profit journal publishes peer-reviewed papers focusing on medical and biomedical research studies that affect health and medicine in lower-income countries.  Research manuscripts can be in the form of research articles, case reports, and review articles.  Importantly, JIDC has developed a Unique Mentoring System to facilitate the publication of scientific articles in need of guidance in English editing and/or scientific direction.  Since all scientific research merits publication, it is JIDC’s mission to help develop scientific and medical studies into scientifically sound research articles by use of the mentoring system.  As scientific studies from all areas of the globe are published through JIDC we hope that JIDC becomes an intersection point of international science.  JIDC strives to be an international platform for the scientific interaction between the developed and developing worlds.

Open Access and JIDC

Open Access!  We provide immediate open access of accepted papers on the principle that making research freely available to the public supports a greater global exchange of knowledge.  As an Open Access journal, JIDC provides all published articles freely available from our journal website.  The articles published in JIDC are  online from our journal website in PDF form that can then be downloaded for reading and sharing and referencing in future work.  The object of research is to increase knowledge of a particular subject. To conduct research but not to share the results, therefore, is to defeat its purpose.  The objective of JIDC is to allow researchers in all countries access to a high-quality international journal, not just to read, but more importantly, in which to publish research for others to read.

An International Journal!

As an international journal, publications are encouraged from laboratories from both developed and developing countries.  JIDC welcomes manuscripts from any country but particularly strives to provide all infectious disease researchers from developing countries with an international forum for publishing their research findings.  And together with our JIDC Blog it is also our hope that JIDC can be a platform for smaller research groups in developing countries to raise their profile and/or introduce them and their expertise to the research community. 

Who Are We?

JIDC was founded by Professor Salvatore Rubino of the University of Sassari in Sassari, Sardinia, Italy.  Professor Salvatore Rubino is an internationally renowned researcher in the field of Salmonella enteric and professor in the Department of Biomedical Sciences. 

We are an incredibly large group of co-operative scientists and clinicians that work together for the common goal that all research merits publication.  Under the direction of Salvatore Rubino there are 15 senior editors who are located across the globe:  Saudi Arabia, United States, Korea, Vietnam, Turkey, Bahrain, Zimbabwe, Hong Kong, China and the Netherlands.  Please see the regional offices for more information on your local JIDC branch.

In addition, there are 15 Editors, 11 Associate Editors, 1 Technical Editor, 9 Scientific Editors, 8 members of the Linguistics Division and an Extensive Editorial Board. 

Of course JIDC could not run without a webmaster, Marco Scano, who organizes the online technical aspects our monthly publication.  And creative designs including Journal Art Covers are done by Jeff Coombs.

More about the Mentoring System

Mentoring is a necessary part of teaching and learning in the sciences and scientific research.  Most of us begin with an attempt to write our first paper, which is corrected by our supervisor and so the process begins.  We are all mentored, to a greater or lesser extent, in the art of getting papers accepted for publication.

PNNL and eResearch: Semantic Physical Science

[the purpose of this mail is to work out my thoughts, test that I can blog from PNNL, let people know I am still alive, and tell the world what I am doing and will do.]

I’m spending 9 days here at PNNL (in Richland, WA, US) with little to distract me so I have a real chance to get my ideas in order about semantic physical science. There’s a natural progression:

  • Create V0.9 of a high-quality computational chemistry dictionary (or ontology if you like the word). It’s expressed as XML (Chemical Markup Language) but it’s also isomorphic with simple RDF triples. We’ve done the first pass (have a V0.1) and I’m working with the group here to create the next versions
  • Then travel to eResearch at Melbourne where I’m collaborating with Nico Adams, one of my colleagues in Cambridge, who has moved to CSIRO, Clayton. Nico not only buys into the idea of semantic science, he’s pushed it much further than I could have. With Alex Wade we are running a one day workshop in eResearch (http://conference.eresearch.edu.au/workshops/ , “Making the Semantic Web work for Physical Science”. I’m getting my ideas together now, and there will be a concentration on things like chemistry, quantities and units of measurement. If you know what the boiling point of water is, then you will be qualified for the workshop.
  • Later in Feb I will be spending some months with Nico. CSIRO is a great place to really develop an infrastructure. National labs (like PNNL, CSIRO and STFC – a international ones like EBI, NCBI) understand the need for proper data management, infrastructure and information engineering. Academia generally doesn’t, and when it does it doesn’t value it.

More later as I get the order worked out.

[Immediate update. I can blog from PNNL Visitor LAN!]

We are living in Occupied Scholarly Territory


[This is a short post as I am testing whether I can post from my guest room (I probably can’t blog from the main lab)]. I shall explore this theme, probably getting even more angrier that I am.

We have ceded the homeland of Scholarly Publishing to the commercial closed access publishers. For me the only true goal is that we regain the ability to control our scholarship – authoring, publishing, reading, re-use. I don’t see many people actively formulating this goal and doing something about it. I don’t think many people, even in the OA community, actually care about this. I haven’t formulated it well, but that’s because there has been a 10-year vacuum of thought and action.

There are two intermediate positions: Green, which cedes the moral right of publication to the publishers and negotiates scrappy deals on the least profitable land. “You can grow hay on this plot as long as you continue to let us exploit the best land. You can only do this during these months (because we say so) and if you are too successful we’ll find another way to stop you”. Green OA is appeasement. It has no political force and is entirely dependent on the whim of the publisher. For me NO OA mandates should even think of green. (Hybrid is even worse, we pay the publishers twice to remain under their control).

Gold, which says nothing about the means of production. It gives the readers rights, and these are sufficient for readers if full CC-BY is applied. (It makes no concession to the innovation of the web.) It gives the authors no rights, other than to make their work available to the world. It does not allow them freedom of expression or freedom of innovation in the publishing process. That’s not to say it isn’t useful in the interim but the publishers are still occupying our homeland. Some publishers do understand this and are moving, but the OA offerings from major (closed) access publishers still treat authors as second class (or worse).

What we need for OA is a clear political manifesto (we don’t have one) and clear courses of action.

Where is the Open Access Salt March?

Where are the Open Access busses?

Where are the Open Access Suffragettes?

Where are the people who have gone to court and possibly to jail for their beliefs? Mumbly platitudes (such as the lamentable Florida State university cop-out) don’t change the world.

On odd days of the week (this seems to be one) I despair. On even days I think we are winning.

Our Open Access Flyer Goes Global: 4 New Translations Mark a Milestone in Growth of Student Advocacy

In a tangible demonstration of the Right to Research Coalition’s now global presence, we’re excited to kick off Open Access Week with translations of our Open Access Flyer in 4 new languages: Arabic, French, Polish, and Spanish.  These translations will not only help students continue to advocate for and educate their peers about Open Access, but they also represent a milestone in the growth of our coalition.

Click here for our Open Access Flyer translations page

The past year has been an incredible one in terms of growing our coalition into a truly global organization – we’ve gone from being a North American alliance to one with members representing just under 7 million students in approximately 100 countries on 6 continents.  And we haven’t simply grown in size.  Our new members from around the world are diving right in.  

The European Medical Student Association (EMSA) has approached the Standing Committee of European Doctors (CPME) about supporting Open Access, and we’re seeing interest from many other discipline-specific student organizations in lobbying for their respective professional societies to take an explicit, pro-Open Access position.  Furthermore, students have already taken the Open Access message back to their home countries and campuses, making presentations across Europe, Africa, and beyond.

These 4 translations are a tangible manifestation that Open Access has truly become a global issue among students - that there are students in the Middle East, in Europe, in North and South America, and beyond actively pushing to set the default to open.  

Many thanks those who took the time to translate our flyer, and you can find downloadable copies of the translations here.

Open Access Week at UCT

A series of seminars at UCT in Open Access Week

Creative Commons 
Presented by Dr Tobias Schonwetter
Brought to you by UCT Research Contracts and IP Services.
When: 26th October, 1-2pm , Research and Innovation Seminar Room, 2 Rhodes Avenue, Mowbray
Limited spaces available
Email: charlene.jacobs@uct.ac.za by 25 October.
This Creative Commons Seminar  provides you with an  opportunity to gain a greater understanding of the Creative Commons approach to copyright licensing.
1. What is Creative Commons; 
2. Why is there a need for Open Licensing;
3. How do I license my work under Creative Commons; and 
4. Creative Commons and Open Educational Resources (OERs)
Email: charlene.jacobs@uct.ac.za by 25 October. 

Demystifying Open Access
Presented by Laura Czerniewicz and Eve Gray
Brought to you by the UCT Libraries in partnership with OpenUCT and Scholarly Communications
in Africa Programme .
When:  27 October 2011 at 2-3pm
Place:  Ulwazi,  Knowledge Commons, Chancellor Oppenheimer Library, UCT Libraries.
Email: ingrid.thomson@uct.ac.za by 26 October.
This is an opportunity to hear everything you always wanted to know about Open Access – what it is, why we should care, and its implications for libraries and researchers.  

UCT’s New IP Policy
Presented by Dr Andrew Bailey
Brought to you by UCT Research Contracts and IP Services.
When: 28th October, 1-2pm , Research and Innovation Seminar Room, 2 Rhodes Avenue, Mowbray
Limited spaces available
Email: charlene.jacobs@uct.ac.za by 27 October.
Council approved the new UCT IP Policy in July 2011.  This seminar will highlight the important changes that were made to the 2004 version, which brought it in line with the IP Rights from Publicly Financed R&D Act as well as current IP trends such as OpenSource and Creative Commons. 
Finding Open Stuff 
Facilitated by Shihaam Donnelly 
Session 1: 25 October, 10 – 10:30am, Upper Campus Student Learning Centre 
Session 2: 25 October,  2 – 2:30pm,  Upper Campus Student Learning Centre
Email: shihaam.donnelly@uct.ac.za
These workshops will be a showcase of different sites where you can find open images, audio, 
video, courseware and open source software. 

DSpace Open Access repository development in Africa: Kenya, Malawi

PART TWO: Kenya, Malawi
This is the second of a five-part series that looks at Open Access repository development in twelve African countries in celebration of Open Access Week Oct. 24-30, 2011. The first part (Botswana, Ethiopia and Ghana) may be found here: http://duraspace.org/dspace-africa-growing-openaccess-knowledge-and-culture

The series is co-authored by Iryna Kuchma, Open Access Programme manager, EIFL (http://www.eifl.net/) and EIFL-OA country coordinators: Netsanet Animut, Addis Ababa University and Chair of the Consortium of Ethiopian Academic and Research Libraries, Charles Banda, Copperbelt University, Zambia, Aissa Mitha Issak, Universidade Pedagógica, Mozambique, Gloria Kadyamatimba, Chinhoyi University of Technology Library, Zimbabwe, Richard B. Lamptey, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Ghana, Fredrick Kiwuwa Lugya, Makerere University Library, Uganda, Reason Baathuli Nfila, University of Botswana Library, Rosemary Otando, University Nairobi, Kenya, Kondwani Wella, Kamuzu College of Nursing, University of Malawi and Carol Minton Morris, DuraSpace.


Laying the groundwork for more Open Access institutional repositories

In 2009, INASP funded two Kenya Libraries and Information Services Consortium (KLISC) members to attend an OA workshop in South Africa, and later a one week attachment at the University of Pretoria, after which they began rigorous training in OA institutional repositories (IRs) to sensitize KLISC members. OA workshops and conferences have been conducted with KLISC members through the support of EIFL and INASP. About 35 of 75 KLISC member institutions participated in these workshops and conferences. About 30 of those who participated established, or are in the process of establishing institutional repositories.
KLISC recently conducted a study to assess the extent to which institutional repositories (IR) have been established to capture local content among member institutions, the role of KLISC in supporting the establishment, and the challenges and intervention measures required. Of the 35 questionnaires distributed to respondents, 26 returned completed questionnaires, an impressive response rate of 74%, an indication of significant interest in developing IRs. The results indicated that 17 (65%) institutions have embraced or are in the process of establishing IRs in their institutions, while 9 (35%) have not established IRs. The respondents were asked to indicate the kind of content deposited in their IRs and response shows high preference for theses and dissertations. 
The respondents were asked to indicate the type of software used, and 15 (57%) indicted that they were using DSpace, followed closely by Greenstone with 10 (38%), and others with 1 (5%). Having conducted several workshops in DSpace and Greenstone in 2009 and 2010, it was not surprising that these two types of software were preferred. This is an indication that training is an important factor in influencing choice.
Respondents were asked to indicate their progress in the implementation of IR. It was found out that majority of the respondents are in the process of customization and submission and only 5 (19%) are on intranet and 3 (10%) are live on the web, hence there is a need for technical support to complete the installation process.
Open Access DSpace repositories at Strathmore University (http://www.digital.library.strathmore.edu/xmlui/) support the University OA policy adopted in February 2011. The Strathmore University Harvard-style OA mandate shows commitment towards disseminating the fruits of University research and scholarship as widely as possible. Each University member grants to the Vice Chancellor and Academic council of Strathmore University permission to make available his/her scholarly articles and to exercise the copyright in those articles. Each Faculty member will provide an e-copy of the final version of the article at no charge to the appropriate representative of the Vice Chancellor’s Office in an appropriate format (such as PDF) specified by the Vice Chancellor’s Office no later than the date of its publication. The Vice Chancellor’s Office may make the article available to the public in an OA IR.
International Research Institute (ILRI) aims to make as many of research products as possible open through OA IR Mahider. In December 2010 the Management Committee adopted a proposal for the institute to use an ‘open’ license for its published outputs. The aim is to encourage maximum uptake and re-use of ILRI’s research. Under this proposal, ILRI retains copyright over each output. It also explicitly encourages wide non-commercial re-use of each output, subject to full attribution of ILRI and the author(s), and use of an equally open license for any derivative output (Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported License). By default, this license applies to the following categories of outputs: ILRI published reports and publications (print and digital); ILRI photographs; ILRI Powerpoints; ILRI posters and ILRI video and films. (From ILRI news http://infoilri.wordpress.com/2010/12/13/ilri-adopts-creative-commons-license-for-its-research-outputs/)
Institutions with OA IRs still on development stage include: JKUAT (policy issues), Egerton University (policy issues), St. Paul university (customization, policy issues), University of Eastern Africa, Baraton (customization) and Daystar (policy issues).
Institutions that have implemented IRs but are still on Local Area Network are as follows: University of Nairobi (108 items); Kenyatta University (Past Papers); College of Insurance, KMFRI (Advanced stage – 400 items), Kabarak (Advanced stage – 3000 items), Agha Khan University (80 Items), Marist International (55 items), Moi University (Advanced stage), KCA (103 items), ICIPE (21 Items), Inoorero, KEMRI and KEMU.
The respondents were asked to give their opinion on how much the high level management in their institution understands the importance of IR. Majority of 11 (42%) felt the management know little, 7 (27%) indicted fairly well. Of the remaining, 2 (8%) declined to answer, and 6 (23%) indicated very well. Among those indicated very well, 4 (70%) were from private universities and research institutions. The result generally indicates that top-level management understands little about the importance of IR.
The results confirmed that there is a lot KLISC can do to support the IR projects. This may involve sharing costs in purchasing relevant equipment for member institutions. There is also need to facilitate sensitization for authors, researchers and the high level management of institutions.
This overview was contributed by Rosemary M. Otando. ETD2011: “Building Institutional Repositories in KLISC Member Institutions in Kenya: Current Status and Emerging challenges”


Towards a a national digital repository of research

Open Access activities are carried out by Malawi Library and Information Consortium (MALICO).
Upcoming Open Access institutional repositories: Chancellor College, Malawi College of Medicine, Kamuzu College of Nursing. In April 2011 EIFL funded an ongoing institutional Awareness Campaign for Kamuzu College of Nursing Library, University of Malawi, Research Repository implemented by Kamuzu College of Nursing Library, University of Malawi, in partnership with the National Commission for Science and Technology (NCST). Kamuzu College of Nursing Library is building an open access repository for research in nursing, midwifery and reproductive health.
Through its Mobilising Knowledge for Development (MK4D) Programme, the Institute of Development Studies (IDS, UK) collaborates with the National Library Service of Malawi (NLS) to support the establishment of a National Digital Repository of Research for Malawi. The repository will be housed at NLS and jointly managed by NLS, the Malawi Library and Information Consortium (MALICO) and the National Commission of Science and Technology (NCST). Support for training workshops will be provided separately by the International Network for the Availability of Scientific Publications (INASP). The main aim of the project is to set up a national digital repository of research from Malawi, collecting research outputs from Malawian institutions and building their capacities in global knowledge sharing. It is envisaged that the increased accessibility and visibility of Malawian research outputs will increase their impact on policy and bring more transparency to research institutions. A second aim is to link to, learn from and utilize the related work, ensuring close collaboration, identifying opportunities for further collaboration and avoiding duplication of effort.

EU Commissioner Kroes: “Open access to research is a must for the competitiveness of Europe”

The EU Commissioner for Europe’s Digital Agenda, Neelie Kroes, gave the starting signal for the Dutch contribution to the annual international Open Access week. In a video message on the www.surf.nl/open2011 website, Ms Kroes says that open access to research results – both publications and research data – is not just a luxury. She sees Open Access as a must for the Netherlands and Europe if they are to be able to compete internationally.

Each year sees Open Access coming more into the spotlight. In the Netherlands, this happens at many higher education institutions in the form of the “Open 2011” event, which runs from 24 October to 4 November. “I’m very proud”, says Ms Kroes, “of the many activities that are taking place in the Netherlands to deliver Open Access.” The national programme for Open 2011 is being coordinated by SURF, the Dutch collaborative ICT organisation for higher education and research.

Neelie Kroes: “I’m very  proud of the many activities that are taking place in the Netherlands to deliver Open Access.”

Research and education
This year’s Open 2011 in the Netherlands focuses not only on Open Access to research but also to education. Access to knowledge, information, and data is essential in higher education and research, and using it provides the basis for knowledge transfer and knowledge generation. Research and education that is paid for with the taxpayer’s money should be accessible and should be used efficiently. Where possible, it should be able to be reused. This philosophy is endorsed by organisations including the country’s principal science funding body NWO, the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (KNAW), and all the Dutch higher education institutions. Making educational resources openly available enables higher education institutions to show the rest of the world what they have to offer, and thus to attract talented students and researchers. Open access also contributes to the improvement of the quality of learning materials.


After the starting signal by EU Commissioner Kroes, there will be daily videos on www.surf.nl/open2011 for the next two weeks in which a speaker from the higher education sector will emphasise the importance of “open” for higher education and research.

Institutions for higher education and research are organising lectures, seminars, and other activities for researchers, instructors, students and/or the staff of libraries and media centres. Higher education institutions worldwide are organising activities to raise knowledge and awareness of Open Access to research data. Last year, more than 900 institutions in 94 countries were involved.

More information

Latest Article Alert from BMC Infectious Diseases

The latest articles from BMC Infectious Diseases, published between 24-Sep-2011 and 24-Oct-2011For articles which have only just been published, you will see a ‘provisional PDF’ corresponding to the accepted manuscript.A fully formatted PDF and full text (HTML) version will be made available soon.Study protocolEfficacy and tolerance of the topical application of potassium hydroxide (10% and 15%)